1. Can reflexology maintain or improve the well-being of people with Parkinson's Disease?

Johns C, Blake D, Sinclair A.




University of Bedfordshire, Putteridge Bury, Hitchin Road, Luton, LU2 8LE, UK. chris.johns@beds.ac.uk


This study explored whether reflexology could improve or sustain the wellbeing of people with Parkinosn's Disease [PD] using the PDQ39 wellbeing tool designed specifically for use with people with PD. The treatmnt protocal involved giving 8 therapy sessions to 16 people with varying derees of PD in a cross-over design to enable a longitudinal survey of impact. Whilst the results reflected the progressive nature of PD deterioration over time there was an improvement in wellbeing over the active therapy phase. These results suggest that continuous two- three weekly reflexology may limit further deteroration or maintain improvement of wellbeing. A further study is indicated to study this hypothesis.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID: 20347841

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE


2. Potential influences of complementary therapy on motor and non-motor complications in Parkinson's disease.

Zesiewicz TA, Evatt ML.




Department of Neurology, University of South Florida, Tampa, 33612, USA. tzesiewi@health.usf.edu


Nearly two-thirds of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) use vitamins or nutritional supplements, and many more may use other complementary therapies, yet <50% of patients have discussed the use of these complementary therapies with a healthcare professional. Physicians should be aware of the complementary therapies their patients with PD are using, and the possible effects of these therapies on motor and non-motor symptoms. Complementary therapies, such as altered diet, dietary supplements, vitamin therapy, herbal supplements, caffeine, nicotine, exercise, physical therapy, massage therapy, melatonin, bright-light therapy and acupuncture, may all influence the symptoms of PD and/or the effectiveness of dopaminergic therapy. Preliminary evidence suggests complementary therapy also may influence non-motor symptoms of PD, such as respiratory disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, mood disorders, sleep and orthostatic hypotension. Whenever possible, clinicians should ensure that complementary therapy is used appropriately in PD patients without reducing the benefits of dopaminergic therapy.

PMID: 19739693

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


3. Use of complementary and alternative medicine by Korean patients with Parkinson's disease.

Kim SR, Lee TY, Kim MS, Lee MC, Chung SJ.




Center for Parkinsonism and Other Movement Disorders, Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.



Many patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) often utilize complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). We aimed to survey the prevalence, spectrum of use, and factors related to utilization of CAM in patients with PD in Korea.


Between 15 December 2005 and 30 April 2006, we studied 123 patients with PD who volunteered to be interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires.


Ninety-four (76%) patients had used CAM. The mean cost of CAM paid by patients (out-of-pocket costs) was 102.3 US Dollars (USD) per month, while medical costs of treatment for PD paid by patients (out-of-pocket costs) averaged 72.8 USD per month. Patients using CAM sought to improve motor symptoms (57.6%), fatigue (19.6%), pain (4.3%), constipation (5.4%) or specified no single reason (13.0%). The spectrum of CAM use included oriental medicines (76.6%), traditional food (44.7%), non-prescribed drugs (31.9%), traditional therapies (7.4%), massage (7.4%) and behavioral therapy (7.4%). Factors related to current use of CAM were disease duration, degree of education, and daily levodopa equivalent dose. In a logistic regression analysis, the duration of PD was a significant factor for CAM use.


These results suggest that a high proportion of Korean PD patients employed CAM, associated with high costs and serious side effects in some patients.

PMID: 18977584

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]