1. Do Japanese style acupuncture and moxibustion reduce symptoms of the common cold?

Kawakita K, Shichidou T, Inoue E, Nabeta T, Kitakoji H, Aizawa S, Nishida A, Yamaguchi N, Takahashi N, Sumiya E, Okada K, Umeda T, Yano T, Tanzawa S.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18955215

 

Source

Research Department of JSAM, Department of Physiology, Meiji University of Oriental Medicine, Hiyoshi-cho, Nantan-City, Kyoto 629-0392, Japan. Tel & Fax: +81-(0)771-72-1289; k_kawakita@meiji-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

We summarize the results from a series of investigations of Japanese style acupuncture and moxibustion therapies on symptoms of the common cold that have been conducted (FTLE 1999-03, supported by the Foundation for Training and Licensure Examination in Anma- Massage- Acupressure, Acupuncture and Moxibustion). We also discuss the various interventions and concerns that we faced during these investigations. The subjects were students and teachers. The pilot study (FTLE1999) of a two arm (real and non-treatment control) RCT at a Japanese acupuncture school showed that manual acupuncture to a specific needling point at the throat clearly reduced symptoms of the common cold. The first multi-center (five centers) RCT (FTLE 2000) revealed a significant reduction in cold symptoms, by general linear model analysis (between groups, P = 0.024). To reduce the technical variation, we employed indirect moxibustion to the neck points as a uniform intervention in the next project (FTLE 2001) without statistically significant results. Then we elongated the periods of treatment from 2 to a maximum of 12 weeks (FTLE 2002) with different interventions accompanied by 4 weeks follow-up. The results were still not statistically significant. As the final project, we tried to develop a new experimental design for individualized intervention by conducting n-of-1 trials using elderly subjects in a health care center but without detecting a clear effect. In conclusion, the safety of Japanese acupuncture or moxibustion was sufficiently demonstrated; however, a series of clinical trials could not offer convincing evidence to recommend the use of Japanese style acupuncture or moxibustion for preventing the common cold. Further studies are required as the present trials had several limitations.

PMID: 18955215

[PubMed - in process]

PMCID: PMC2586319

Free PMC Article

 

2.   Clinical observation on acupuncture treatment of 150 cases of post-stroke depression according to syndrome differentiation.

[Article in Chinese]

Wu JP.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21090335

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Fangshan Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 102400, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of acupuncture in the treatment of post-stroke depression (PSD) in the light of syndrome differentiation.

METHODS:

A total of 300 PSD patients were randomized into acupuncture group and medication group, with 150 cases in each group. For patients of acupuncture group,Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), etc. were punctured combined with other acupoints according to different syndromes, once daily for 2 months. For patients of medication group, fluoxetine (20 mg/d) was administered orally,continuously for 2 months. Hamilton's depression scale (HAMD) was used to evaluate changes of PSD patients' state after the treatment.

RESULTS:

After the treatment, the scores of HAMD in both groups decreased significantly (P < 0.05), and that of acupuncture group was remarkably lower than that of medication group (P < 0.05). Of the two 150 PSD patients in medication and acupuncture groups, 35 (23.3%) and 16 (10.7%) cases were cured, 82 (54.7%) and 41 (27.3%) had a marked improvement, 17 (11.3%) and 57 (38.0%) had an improvement, and 16 (10.7%) and 36 (24.0%) were ineffective, with the total effective rates being 89.3% and 76.0% respectively. Chi-square test showed that the therapeutic effect of acupuncture was significantly superior to that of medication group (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture is effective in improving post-stroke depression in PSD patients.

PMID: 21090335

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

3.   Effect of needle-implantation at "Neiguan" (PC 6) on the expression of myocardial TGF-beta3 and its mRNA in the Chinese miniswine with myocardial ischemia injury.

[Article in Chinese]

Yang XF, Cui J, Liu XY, Zhang XS, Feng L, Wang XG, Qian N.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21090328

 

Source

Department of Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Guiyang College of Chinese Medicine, Guiyang 550002, China. yangxiaofang210@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of needle-implantation (NI) at "Neiguan" (PC 6) on the expression of myocardial transforming growth factor-beta 3 Protein(TGF-beta 3) and mRNA in Chinese miniswine with myocardial ischemia (MI) injury.

METHODS:

A total of 32 Chinese Guizhou miniswine were randomly and equally divided into Sham-operation group, model group, NI-PC 6 group and NI-Geshu (BL17, NI-BL17) group. MI injury model was established by occlusion of the descending anterior branch of the left coronary artery. Two acupuncture needles (veterinary use) were separately and subcutaneously implanted into "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Geshu" (BL17) areas for 7 days. TGF-beta 3 protein and mRNA expressions were determined by Western blot and real-time PCR techniques, separately.

RESULTS:

In comparison with the sham-operation (sham) group, TGF-beta 3 protein and mRNA expressions in model group were upregulated significantly (P < 0.05). While compared with the model group, myocardial TGF-beta3 mRNA expression was upregulated considerably in NI-PC 6 group (P < 0.01), rather than in NI-BL17 group (P > 0.05), and myocardial TGF-beta 3 expression in both NI-PC 6 and NI-BL17 groups was upregulated obviously (P < 0.01). Comparison between NI-PC 6 and NI-BL17 groups showed that the expression levels of myocardial TGF-beta 3 protein and mRNA were significantly higher in NI-PC 6 group than in NI-BL17 group (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Needle-implantation of "Neiguan" (PC 6) can upregulate myocardial TGF-beta 3 protein and mRNA expression in MI Chinese miniswine, which may contribute to its effect in improving the ischemic myocardial injury by way of enhancing the angiopoiesis.

PMID: 21090328

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

4.   Therapeutic effect and side effect of treatment on hyperthyroid exophthalmos with the combination of acupuncture and medication].

[Article in Chinese]

Xia Y, Shu S, Li Y, Liu SM, He JS.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21058474

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai 201203, China. Department of Chinese Medicine, Shanghai Changhai Hospital.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the therapeutic effect and side effect of the treatments on hyperthyroid exophthalmos with the combination of acupuncture and medication and with medication only.

METHODS:

Fifty-two cases were randomly divided into an acupuncture and medication group (27 cases) and a medication group (25 cases). Acupuncture in combination of oral taking of Thiamazole and Euthyrox were adopted for the acupuncture and medication group. And acupoints such as Jingming (BL 1), Chengqi (ST 1) and Sizhukong (TE 23) etc. were selected. Western medication for oral taking was applied as the only treatment for the medication group. Objective eye syndrome marks, side effects and accidents were compared between two groups before and after treatment.

RESULTS:

The improvement of the objective marks of eye syndrome in the acupuncture and medication group was better than that in the medication group (P < 0.01). There were 4 cases with hypoleucocytosis, 3 cases with rash and 3 cases with aggravated symptom of exophthalmos in the medication group during the treatment, while no case with side effects was observed in the acupuncture and medication group. However, 8 cases were found with hemorrhage and 8 with hematoma in the acupuncture and medication group.

CONCLUSION:

Treatment with the combination of acupuncture and medication may not only enhance the therapeutic effect, but also reduce the side effects.

PMID:

21058474

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

5. Systematic evaluation on treatment of sub-health with acupuncture-moxibustion and Tuina in clinical researches.

[Article in Chinese]

Tang HL, Pang J, Gao LF, Yang Y, Lei LM, Gan W.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20942292

 

Source

Department of Massage, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi University of TCM, Nanning 530023, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the therapeutic effect of acupuncture-moxibustion and Tuina massage for treatment of sub-health.

METHODS:

A systematic evaluation on randomized controlled trial, quasi-randomized control trial or controlled clinical trial of treatment of sub-health with acupuncture-moxibustion and Tuina was carried out according to the assessment methods recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration.

RESULTS:

There are totally 9 articles and 937 subjects met the inclusion criteria and are included into the assessment system. The average quality of methodologies adopted is not so high, and with many limitations. Meta-analysis or descriptive analysis on the data collected: (1) General effect: Tuina massage therapy is better than auricular-point-pressing therapy; acupuncture is better than self health care; acupoint injection is better than intramuscular injection, Tuina is similar to Chinese herb. (2) Quality of life and pain score: Tuina is better than blank control. (3) Individual effect: the effect of Tuina massage on lassitude is better than acupuncture. (4) Effect on sleep quality index: Tuina massage is better than acupuncture.

CONCLUSION:

There are not enough evidences to approve that the effect of acupuncture-moxibustion and Tuina massage on sub-health is better than that of other therapies. Therefore, more high quality randomized controlled trials with strict and scientific designation are necessary for obtaining more and better evidences.

PMID:

20942292

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

6. Features of acupuncture randomised controlled trials published in the top four journals.

[Article in Chinese]

Zheng H, Liang FR, Li Y.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20942288

 

Source

Acupuncture and Massage College, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu 610075, China.

Abstract

A PubMed search is carried out using the keyword "acupuncture" from in the top four journals: New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), The Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA), The Lancet, and British Medical Journal (BMJ). The papers with full texts on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture are included up till July 2009, and the corresponding trial design and trial quality in these papers are extracted and analyzed. The results reveal that papers published in these four journals are mostly on randomized controlled trials with good design, high quality and large sample size. Therefore, if Chinese researchers publish papers in these journals, appropriate trial design adhering to the characteristics of acupuncture should be used; the results should be reported according to CONSORT statement and STRICTA recommendations. Moreover, obtaining assistance from foreign research team is also important.

PMID: 20942288

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE

 

7. Effect of acupuncture on SP-A expression in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of asthmatic rats.

[Article in Chinese]

Yan XK, Zhang Y, Lin PY, Yu L, Chen C, Cui HF, Wang FC, Hong J.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20942285

 

Source

Acupuncture and Massage College, Changchun University of TCM, Changchun 130117, China. yanxk@126.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the mechanism of acupuncture for treatment of asthma.

METHODS:

Forty SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: blank control group, normal saline control group (NS control group), asthma model group, asthma model with acupuncture group (asthma acupuncture group) and asthma model with binding group (asthma binding group). The asthma acupuncture group was treated with acupuncture at "Dazhui" (GV 14), "Feishu" (BL 13) and "Fengmen" (BL 12); the asthma binding group was only binding without acupuncture and no intervention was given in the other groups. Surfactant protein-A (SP-A) expression was examined by Western-Blot.

RESULTS:

Airway resistance in asthma model group was significantly higher than that in blank control group and NS control group from 3 to 6 min after asthma provocation (all P<0.01). Western-Blot detection showed that SP-A expression in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of the rats in asthma model group was significantly lower than that in blank control group and NS control group (both P<0.05), and which in asthma acupuncture group was significantly higher than that in asthma model group (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The mechanism of prevention and treatment of acupuncture for allergic asthma is related to regulating SP-A expression of airway in asthmatic rats.

PMID: 20942285

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

8. Meta-analysis on randomized controlled clinical trials of acupuncture for asthma.

[Article in Chinese]

Yu L, Zhang Y, Chen C, Cui HF, Yan XK.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20886804

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Changchun University of TCM, Changchun 130117, China. 86216128@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion for asthma by meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials.

METHODS:

A literature search in VIP, CNKI, PubMed and HighWire was performed to retrieve clinic trials documents about acupuncture for asthma from 2000 to 2009. The meta-analysis was conducted on RCT and CCT documents that meet the enrolling requirements.

RESULTS:

Twenty-two trials including 3058 cases of asthma patients were included in this study. The findings indicates that the total effective rate in acupuncture group was significantly superior to control group [OR 4.18, 95% CI (3.36, 5.20), Z = 12.85, P < 0.00001]; there was no significant difference in FEV1 measurements between two groups [OR = 0.20, 95% CI (-0.37, 0.76), Z = 0.68, P = 0.50]; there was profound significant difference in PEFR measurements between two groups [OR = 0.42, 95% CI (0.22, 0.62), Z = 4.06, P < 0.0001]; there was profound significant difference in FVC measurements between two groups [OR = 0.45, 95% CI (0.17, 0.72), Z = 3.22, P = 0. 001]; there was profound significant difference in FEV1/FVC measurements between two groups [OR = 9.58, 95% CI (8.14, 11.02), Z = 13.03, P < 0.00001].

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy can significantly improve the total effective rate of acupuncture for asthma. PEFR, FVC, FEV1 /FVC can be used as effectiveness indicators for evaluating the treatment for asthma. The FEV1 measurements did not have statistic significance. Due to the small number of RCT/CCT documents, the bias of the literatures and the lack of high-quality, large sample and multi-center reports, further studies are needed to explore the evidence of the findings.

PMID: 20886804

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

9. Study on the feasibility for judging the lifting-thrusting manipulation of acupuncture by using "quality control figure" measurement.

[Article in Chinese]

Chen MR, Guo X, Li Q, Li YH, Huang YH, Hu R.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20626148

 

Source

Hunan Traditional Chinese Medical College, Zhuzhou 412012, China. chenmeiren@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the feasibility of judgment of the lifting-thrusting acupuncture manipulation by using "quality control figure" measurement, so as to provide a possible reference for demonstration in acupuncture teaching and scientific research.

METHODS:

A total of 13 high-professional title acupuncturists and teachers and 100 college students participated in the present study. The so-called "quality control figures" of lifting-thrusting acupuncture skill were established by collecting operation data from 13 acupuncturists and teachers with an "Acupuncture Manipulation Parameter Detector System". A total of 100 college students who have learnt acupuncture and massage learnings were asked to perform the same acupuncture manipulation after training, followed by giving a mark with conventional manipulation method and "quality control figure" method (scores), respectively. In addition, the correlation between these two scoring methods was analyzed.

RESULTS:

The average score of conventional scoring of lifting-thrusting manipulation was (81.03 +/- 18.40) points and that of "quality control figure" scoring was (80.60 +/- 7.48) points in those college students after training. No significant difference was found between these two scoring methods (P > 0.05). But a positive correlation was found between them (r = 0.6943, P < 0.01), suggesting a positive feasibility for judging the lifting-thrusting acupuncture manipulation with "quality control figure" measurement.

CONCLUSION:

A positive correlation exists between the conventional scoring and "quality control figure" scoring for lifting-thrusting acupuncture manipulation, suggesting a feasibility in judging this acupuncture manipulation with "quality control figure" measurement.

PMID: 20626148

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

10. Randomized controlled clinical trails on treatment of knee osteoarthritis with acupuncture combined with blood-letting therapy.

[Article in Chinese]

Wang SH, Xu MZ, Cui SY, Guo YQ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20626146

 

Source

Department of Rehabilitation, Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Shenzhen Second Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Shenzhen 518034, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with blood-letting therapy for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and to analyze the synergism of the blood-letting therapy.

METHODS:

Sixty-three cases of KOA patients were randomized into a treatment group (n=31) and a control group (n=32). Patients of treatment group were treated with routine acupuncture at Ashi-points, Dubi (ST 35) and Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Yanglingquan (GB 34), etc. on the affected side, 3 times a week for 4 weeks, in combination with blood-letting (at the superficial veins around popliteal fossa) once a week for 4 weeks. Patients of control group were treated with routine acupuncture only. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index scores (WOMAC) and clinical therapeutic effects served as the objective indexes for evaluating the efficacy of blood-letting therapy.

RESULTS:

After the treatment, of the 32 and 31 KOA patients in control and treatment groups, 4 (12.50%) and 5 (16. 13) were under control in their symptoms, 14 (43.75%) and 17(54.84%) experienced marked improvement, 10 (31.25%) and 6 (19.35%) had an improvement, and 4 (12.50%) and 3 (9.68%) were failed, with the total effective rates being 87.50% and 90.32% respectively. No significant difference was found between the two groups in the therapeutic effect (P > 0.05). In comparison with pre-treatment, WOMAC scores, pain index, and physiological integral scores in treatment and control groups after the first and the last treatment decreased significantly (P < 0.001), and their joint stiffness index of the last treatment also lowered considerably (P < 0.001). The difference values of the integral scores between post- and pre-treatment in WOMAC, pain index, and physiological function of treatment group were remarkably higher than those of control group (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture combined with blood-letting therapy can effectively improve KOA patients' physiological function and reduce joint pain especially in the early stage.

PMID: 20626146

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

11. Explanatory clinical trials and pragmatic clinical trials on clinical effective evaluation of acupuncture.

[Article in Chinese]

Wang YJ, Guo YM, Guo Y.

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Gansu College of TCM, Lanzhou 730000, China.

Abstract

The concepts and relations of explanatory clinical trials and pragmatic clinical trials on randomized controlled trials of acupuncture are stated. The explanatory clinical trials and pragmatic clinical trials are different in the purpose of study, the controlled method, the treatment method and the solution problems. The explanatory clinical trials may enhance the understanding of the mechanism of a treatment; the findings of pragmatic clinical trials may be applied immediately in clinical practice. This paper explains that these clinical trials are of great importance to the methodology and practices of clinical effective evaluation of acupuncture based on TCM theory.

PMID: 20578393

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

12. Application of expertise-based randomized controlled trials in acupuncture studies.

[Article in Chinese]

Wu XH, Zhao XF, Wang S.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20568440

 

Source

Graduate School of Tianjin University of TCM, Tianjin 300193, China.

Abstract

Conventional randomized controlled trial is considered as the gold standard of clinical trials in evalua ting pharmacologic effectiveness. Whereas, it still has some faults in the non-pharmacy interventions, such as surgery, acupuncture, massage, etc. Expertise-based randomized controlled trial makes up for some deficiencies of conventional randomized controlled trial, which has made better developments in the field of surgery, however, there is no any relevant retrieval literature found in the acupuncture field. It is feasible and practical of the expertise-based randomized controlled trial to be applied and promoted in the acupuncture-moxibustion clinical research for a further degree. Expertise-based randomized controlled trials might become the trend of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical stu dies in the future.

PMID: 20568440

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

13. Effect of acupuncture on regulating skeletal muscle endurance in rats.

[Article in Chinese]

Gao M, Yang HY, Liu TY, Yang XM, Gu XJ, Hu YE, Xu G, Kuai L.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20568439

 

Source

Acupuncture and Massage College, Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai 201203, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the effect of acupuncture on skeletal muscle endurance in rats as a pre-games assistant training.

METHODS:

Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control, model and acupuncture group. Acupuncture group was treated at "Dazhui" (GV 14), "Housanli" (ST 36) by twisting mild reinforcing-reducing method for 20 min, no interventions were added on control and model group. Muscle strength was detected in three groups under anaesthetic (after model established in model group, after model established and treated in acupuncture group). Averaged change percentage of mean skeletal muscle endurance (P(m)) and averaged maximum percentage of skeletal muscle endurance (P(max)) were evaluated.

RESULTS:

(1) 10P(m) in model group decreased more than acupuncture group statistically (P < 0.05); 20P(m), 30P(m) and 40P(m) in model group decreased significantly compared to those in control group and acupuncture group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). (2) Changes of 10P(max) in acupuncture group was much less than in model group (P < 0.05); changes of 20P(max), 30P(max), 40P(max) and 50P(max) decreased more in model group than in acupuncture group and control group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

As an assistant training method, acupuncture can postpone descending point of muscle strength endurance to delay sport fatigue.

PMID: 20568439

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

14. Early clinical features of severe peripheral facial paralysis and acupuncture strategies.

[Article in Chinese]

Wang SQ, Li Y, Bai YP.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20518182

 

Source

Department of TCM, Acupuncture, Massage and Physiotherapy, The First Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050031, China. wangshengqiang57@163.com

Abstract

In order to have a good grasp of rules of acupuncture for severe peripheral facial paralysis, the early clinical features of severe peripheral facial paralysis (Bell's palsy) are studied and analyzed from the aspect of injury level, injury degrees, clinical syndromes and symptoms; consequently, the treatment strategies with acupuncture are proposed. The severe peripheral facial paralysis is an important research area in clinic trials which verifies the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment.

PMID: 20518182

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

15. Current overseas researches on prevention and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting with acupuncture.

[Article in Chinese]

Ma TT, Wu X, Liang FR

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20518179

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Tuina Massage, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu 610075, China. matingtingcn@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

In order to provide leads and ideas for the future clinical researches, overseas current randomized controlled trials on acupuncture for postoperative nausea and vomiting are studied in this article. Summarization is given on those overseas trials of the recent 20 years from aspects of effectiveness and advantages of acupuncture treatment, treatment methods and the best opportunity of treatment. The result indicates that the therapeutic effect of acupuncture on prevention and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting is basically approved by modern clinical researches. Further studies should be focused on the potential of influence on acupuncture effect by different types of anesthetics, durations of operation and sorts of surgery. Importance should also be attached on enhancing therapeutic effect of acupuncture treatment by applying proper differentiation of syndromes, as well as its benefit estimation on health economy.

PMID: 20518179

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

15. Discussion on the important role of Chuaixue in acupuncture manipulation.

[Article in Chinese]

Wang F, Fang XL.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20518176

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Gansu College of TCM, Lanzhou 730000, China.

Abstract

Combined with ancient literature, the authors put forward three roles of Chuaixue in acupuncture manipulation. First, it can ascertain the location of the acupoints, divert the patient's attention and alleviate the sufferings of patient. The second one, it can consolidate ying, wei, qi and blood system. Third, it can discriminate the variations of qi activity and control the trend of needling sensation. To take these advantages of Chuaixue, the doctors must regulate himself vitality firstly. Therefore, we should pay more attention to not only the manipulation of the right hand but also the roles of Chuaixue operated by the left hand, and cooperate perfectly with both hands so as to improve the therapeutic effect of acupuncture.

PMID: 20518176

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

16. Specificity effect of acupuncture at "Shuigou" (GV 26) on brain infarction area in MCAO rats and the influence of acupuncture parameter.

[Article in Chinese]

Wei YY, Fan XN, Wang S, Yang S, Shi XM.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20496739

 

Source

Acupuncture and Massage College, Tianjin University of TCM, Tianjin 300193, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the specificity of the acupoints and related factors on acupuncture effects.

METHODS:

The rat model of cerebral median artery occlusion (MCAO) was established with thread ligation according to Zea-Longa method. The acupoint group and the non-acupoint group were stimulated by acupuncture with 9 different parameters (marked group No. I - VI) combined by frequency (60 Hz, 120 Hz, 180 Hz) and time (5 s, 60 s, 180 s). The acupoint of "shuigou" (GV 26) was selected for the acupoint group, the fixed point which was at a distance of 10 mm from the iliac crest below the ribs in the affected side. The acupuncture effect was evaluated with the percentage of brain infarct area after TTC dyeing.

RESULTS:

(1) Acupoint groups could obviously reduce the brain infarction area in MCAO rats. Under 9 intervention parameters, acupoint groups had much more effectiveness tendency than that of the non-acupoint groups. (2) Acupoint group VI was the most effective in reducing the brain infarction area among 9 acupuncture parameter groups.

CONCLUSION:

(1) Acupoint has specificity effect on reduction of brain infarct area in MCAO rats. (2) Acupoint group VI (180 Hz; 5 s) could significantly reduce the percentage of cerebral infarction area by TTC dyeing.

PMID: 20496739

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

17. Study on acupuncture for treatment of oculomotor paralysis according to syndrome differentiation of meridians.

[Article in Chinese]

Gu ZY, Luo F.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20214071

 

Source

Acupuncture and Massage College, Liaoning University of TCM, Shenyang 110032, China. 470199@163.com

Abstract

The authors compared and analyzed the correlated meridians in Internal Classic and Study on the Eight Extra-Channels and Vessels by clinical observation on acupuncture for treatment of oculomotor paralysis and reorganization research on ancient related literature, and course of meridians and collaterals, manifestations of disease and function were used as indexes. The present symptoms of oculomotor paralysis (paralytic strabismus) are well consistent with the delineation in Internal Classic such as inability to open eyes, blurring of vision and pain of outer canthus. The results indicate that it is important to regulate the Qiao Meridian function for acupuncture treatment of oculomotor paralysis; the method of the twelve regular meridians and the eight extra-meridians is different for treatment of this disease, for the twelve regular meridians treating the superficiality and the eight extra-meridians treating the origin, and the combinativue use of the two methods can display the TCM theory thought and the characteristic of simultaneous treatment of principal and subordinate symptoms; there is closely relation between musculature diseases and pathological change of oculomotor paralysis and it is helpful in perfecting therapeutic principles and research methods.

PMID: 20214071

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

18. Effect on tranquilizing and allaying excitement needling method on brain blood flow in the patients of insomnia of heart and spleen deficiency.

[Article in Chinese]

Yan XK, Zhang Y, Yu L, Yue GL, Li T, Chen C, Cui HF, Wang FC.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20214067

 

Source

Acupuncture and Massage College, Changchun University of TCM, Changchun 130117, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the therapeutic effect of tranquilizing and allaying excitement needling method on insomnia of heart and spleen deficiency and the effect of brain blood flow.

METHODS:

Sixty cases were randomly divided into a tranquilizing and allaying excitement needling method group (observation group) and an eight confluence points selected group (control group), 30 cases in each group. The observation group was treated by acupuncture at Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Shenmen (HT 7), and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) with tranquilizing and allaying excitement needling method. The control group was treated by acupuncture at Shenmai (BL 62) and Zhaohai (KI 6). Their therapeutic effects and changes of brain blood flow were observed.

RESULTS:

The total effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the observation group which was better than 83.3% (25/30) in the control group (P < 0.05). After treatment, the peak velocity of systolic (Vp) and diastolic blood flow velocity (Vd) of middle cerebral artery, basilar artery and vertebral artery were increased in the both groups (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), with more obvious increase in the observation group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), except the Vd of left vertebral artery.

CONCLUSION:

Both the tranquilizing and allaying excitement needling method and the eight confluence points selected needling method can improve the clinical signs and symptoms. Meanwhile, the therapeutic effect of acupuncture is related with improvement of brain blood flow. However, the tranquilizing and allaying excitement needling method has better therapeutic effect on insomnia of heart and spleen deficiency.

PMID: 20214067

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

19. Acupuncture for depression during pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial.

Manber R, Schnyer RN, Lyell D, Chambers AS, Caughey AB, Druzin M, Carlyle E, Celio C, Gress JL, Huang MI, Kalista T, Martin-Okada R, Allen JJ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20177281

 

Source

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA. rmanber@stanford.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the efficacy of acupuncture for depression during pregnancy in a randomized controlled trial.

METHODS:

A total of 150 pregnant women who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition) criteria for major depressive disorder were randomized to receive either acupuncture specific for depression or one of two active controls: control acupuncture or massage. Treatments lasted 8 weeks (12 sessions). Junior acupuncturists, who were not told about treatment assignment, needled participants at points prescribed by senior acupuncturists. All treatments were standardized. The primary outcome was the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, administered by masked raters at baseline and after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment. Continuous data were analyzed using mixed effects models and by intent to treat.

RESULTS:

Fifty-two women were randomized to acupuncture specific for depression, 49 to control acupuncture, and 49 to massage. Women who received acupuncture specific for depression experienced a greater rate of decrease in symptom severity (P<.05) compared with the combined controls (Cohen's d=0.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.01-0.77) or control acupuncture alone (P<.05; Cohen's d=0.46, 95% CI 0.01-0.92). They also had significantly greater response rate (63.0%) than the combined controls (44.3%; P<.05; number needed to treat, 5.3; 95% CI 2.8-75.0) and control acupuncture alone (37.5%; P<.05: number needed to treat, 3.9; 95% CI 2.2-19.8). Symptom reduction and response rates did not differ significantly between controls (control acupuncture, 37.5%; massage, 50.0%).

CONCLUSION:

The short acupuncture protocol demonstrated symptom reduction and a response rate comparable to those observed in standard depression treatments of similar length and could be a viable treatment option for depression during pregnancy.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION:

Clinicaltrials.gov, www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT00186654.

PMID: 20177281

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

Perspective on the national standard standardized manipulation of acupuncture and moxibustion part II: scalp acupuncture

[Article in Chinese]

Yan XK, Wang FC, Wyang HF, Zhang Y, Yu L, Yang B.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20088422

 

Sklource

College of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Massage, Changehun University of TCM, Changchun 130117, China.

Abstract

Major difficulties and problems in composing the national standard Standardized Manipulation of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Part II: Scalp Acupuncture are discussed in this paper. The difficulties, including the importance of standards, selection of terminology, standardization and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine, instructions of inserting and manipulating needle, basis and science of the standards, are elaborated as well as the further research and improvements are proposed in the present paper.

PMID: 20088422

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Improved quality monitoring of multi-center acupuncture clinical trials in China.

Zhao L, Liang FR, Li Y, Zhang FW, Zheng H, Wu X.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20035630

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu, Sichuan 610075, China. ling94@163.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In 2007, the Chinese Science Division of the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) convened a special conference to discuss quality control for TCM clinical research. Control and assurance standards were established to guarantee the quality of clinical research. This paper provides practical guidelines for implementing strict and reproducible quality control for acupuncture randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

METHODS:

A standard quality control program (QCP) was established to monitor the quality of acupuncture trials. Case report forms were designed; qualified investigators, study personnel and data management personnel were trained. Monitors, who were directly appointed by the project leader, completed the quality control programs. They guaranteed data accuracy and prevented or detected protocol violations. Clinical centers and clinicians were audited, the randomization system of the centers was inspected, and the treatment processes were audited as well. In addition, the case report forms were reviewed for completeness and internal consistency, the eligibility and validity of the patients in the study was verified, and data was monitored for compliance and accuracy.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

The monitors complete their reports and submit it to quality assurance and the sponsors. Recommendations and suggestions are made for improving performance. By holding regular meetings to discuss improvements in monitoring standards, the monitors can improve quality and efficiency.

CONCLUSIONS:

Supplementing and improving the existed guidelines for quality monitoring will ensure that large multi-centre acupuncture clinical trials will be considered as valid and scientifically stringent as pharmaceutical clinical trials. It will also develop academic excellence and further promote the international recognition of acupuncture.

PMID: 20035630

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

PMCID: PMC2806366

Free PMC Article

 

 

Observation on therapeutic effect of dog-day acupuncture and moxibustion combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence].

[Article in Chinese]

Tang CL, Dai DC, Zhu WF, Jin YY, Mei LF, Zhao GF.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19994685

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Kunshan Hospital of TCM, Kunshan 215300, China. tcl0225@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the clinical effect of dog-day acupuncture and tortoise-shell moxibustion combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence.

METHODS:

Seventy one cases were randomly divided into two groups. Thirty six cases in the observation group were treated with acupuncture on Zhongji (CV 3), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Chize (LU 5) etc. and tortoise-shell moxibustion on Shenque (CV 8) combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises; while thirty five cases in the control group were treated with only pelvic floor muscle exercises. The scores of the International Consultation Committee on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICI-Q-SF) and the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form-36 (SF-36) were evaluated before and after treatment, and the scores of SF-36 were also compared with 35 cases in normal group.

RESULTS:

The total effective rate of 91.7% in the observation group was higher than that of 77.1% in the control group (P < 0.05). The dimensions of SF-36 of stress urinary incontinence patients were remarkably lower than those of normal group (all P < 0.05). The scores of ICI-Q-SF were decreased while the scores of SF-36 were increased obviously after treatment in both the observation group and the control group, there were pronounced improvements on physiological function, pain, physical activity, social function and affection function in the observation group (all P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The quality of life for female stress urinary incontinence patients may be poor, however the dog-day acupuncture and tortoise-shell moxibustion combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises can improve the symptoms of urinary incontinence and increase the quality of life of patients.

PMID: 19994685

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Investigation on therapeutic effect and mechanism of acupuncture at Fengchi (GB 20) and "Gongxue" for treatment of patients with vertebral-basilar insufficiency].

[Article in Chinese]

Wang Q, Zhu GQ, Hu-Rong.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19994680

 

Source

Massage Section, Xiangfan Hospital of TCM, Xiangfan 441000, China. wills2000@tom.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the difference of the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and western medicine on the patients with vertebral-basilar insufficiency (VBI), and investigate its mechanism.

METHODS:

According to the different velocity of blood flow recorded by Transcranial Doppler (TCD), sixty patients with VBI were divided into an acupunture group (31 cases) and a western medicine group (29 cases). In the acupuncture group, the patients were punctured at Fengchi (GB 20) and "Gongxue" (Extra). In the western medicine group, the patients were orally given the Flunarizine hydrochlorid capsules. Before and after two-week treatment, the clinical symptoms and related data of TCD were compared, analyzed and evaluated.

RESULTS:

The clinical symptoms were obviously improved in the acupuncture group, which was better than the western medicine group (P < 0.05). Acupuncture not only could up-regulate the velocity of vertebral-basilar blood flow (VBF) on the patients with slower VBF of peak-systolic phase (Vs), end-diastolic phase (Vd) and mean value (Vm), but also reduced the VBF on the patients with faster Vs, Vd and Vm. In comparison of the data before and after treatment, there were significantly differences in two groups (P < 0.05), however, there were no difference between the two groups (all P > 0.05). On the index of vascular pulsation (PI), resistance index (RI) and Vs/Vd, there were no difference in both groups before and after treatment (all P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncturing at Fengchi (GB 20) and "Gongxue" has bidirectional and beneficial function of regulation on the VBF, but no active role on the compatibility of vertebral-basilar blood vessel.

PMID: 19994680

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Daily activity patterns of an adult experiencing lower back pain undergoing electro-acupuncture: a case study.

Koski BL, Dunn KS, Shebuski MR.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19944374

 

Source

School of Nursing, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309, USA.

Abstract

In the United States, adults experiencing lower back pain (LBP) have reported using alternative health care to manage symptoms. Chiropractic techniques, relaxation, and massage have been cited as the most commonly used alternative therapies. Electro-acupuncture (EA), along with conventional health care, has been found to be a useful complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modality in alleviating the disability associated with LBP. The purpose of this single-subject case study was to evaluate the daily activity pattern effects of EA and CAM modality usage on pain intensity levels and functional status of an adult experiencing LBP. Activity patterns and pain intensity ratings were recorded for two consecutive weeks through the use of a daily pain diary in natural environments. Results from the data analyses revealed daily LBP intensity ratings ranging from slight to moderate pain. On average, the participant reported using approximately ten CAM modalities per day. The participant reported decreases in pain intensity levels, increases in energy levels, and feeling better after EA and acupuncture treatments, maintaining an exercise and weight loss regimen, taking megavitamins, drinking teas, praying, singing, and using humor, distraction, and relaxation techniques. Use of herbs and too much exercise were the least effective. Findings suggest that for this patient, EA and certain CAM modalities were effective interventions that promoted well-being and self-healing. In addition, the daily pain diary was found to provide rich research and assessment data.

PMID: 19944374

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Acupuncture and reflexology for insomnia: a feasibility study.

Hughes CM, McCullough CA, Bradbury I, Boyde C, Hume D, Yuan J, Quinn F, McDonough SM.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19942722

 

Source

School of Health Sciences, University of Ulster, Ulster BT37 0QB, UK. cm.hughes@ulster.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the feasibility of patient recruitment and retention, logistics of intervention and outcome measure sensitivity for a study designed to investigate the use of acupuncture and reflexology for the management of insomnia.

DESIGN:

Feasibility study for a randomised controlled trial.

SETTING:

University of Ulster Clinic.

PATIENTS:

Thirteen participants with sleep disturbances.

INTERVENTIONS:

Participants were randomised to receive one of three treatments, either: acupuncture (n = 5), reflexology (n = 4) or music therapy (n = 4). These treatments were administered six times over a 3-week period.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Short Form 36 version 2 (SF-36v2) were recorded at baseline, post-treatment and follow-up. Each participant also completed a Sleep Diary.

RESULTS:

Ten participants completed treatment. In the acupuncture and reflexology groups, a clinically relevant improvement in two out of three participants was observed on the PSQI following treatment. Music therapy produced no clinically important improvements. This study has demonstrated the feasibility of conducting an RCT on the effect of acupuncture and reflexology in primary insomnia using PSQI as the primary outcome measure. Modifications for a more rigorous study design have been discussed. Results from such a study would address the lack of high-quality evidence for the effectiveness of such therapies.

PMID: 19942722

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effect of acupoint-catgut implantation on the physical agility of professional athletes].

[Article in Chinese]

Chen YZ, Yang JM, Wei LJ, Zhang JJ, Han LW.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19916292

 

Source

The Sport Hospital of Zhejiang Vocational and Technical College, Hangzhou 311231, China. sporthosp_cyz@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To observe the impact of acupoint-catgut implantation on physical agility of athletes and to probe into its underlying mechanism.

METHODS:

A total of 68 volunteer athletes were recruited in the present study. Sixteen rowers of China National Women's Racing Boat Team (CNWRBT) underwent comparative observation between pre- and post-treatment with acupoint-catgut implantation. Fifty-two athletes from Zhejiang Heavy Athletics Events Team (HAET) and Sand-beach Volleyball Team (SBVT) were randomized into control (n = 26) and treatment (n = 26) groups which were treated with massage (20 mm, once daily for 1 year), and catgut implantation at Guanyuan (CV 4), Mingmen (GV 4), etc. (once every two weeks), respectively. In the later group, after 6 times of treatment, the catgut implantation was given once a month, continuously for 1 year. Serum testosterone and plasma hemoglobin (Hb) levels were detected before, 1.5 mon, 3 mon, 6 mon and 12 mon after the treatment, respectively.

RESULTS:

1) Compared with pre-treatment, the 2 000 m ergometer time was shortened significantly (P < 0.01), and serum testosterone and plasma hemoglobin (Hb) levels were increased evidently in 16 volunteer rowers of CNWRBT after 3 months' acupoint-catgut implantation treatment (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). 2) In comparison with control group and pre-treatment, the midium- and long-distance running scores of the athletes of Zhejiang HAET and SBVT were elevated considerably (P < 0.01), serum testosterone and plasma Hb levels increased significantly (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Acupoint-catgut implantation can significantly improve the athletes' anti-fatigue exercise capacity, enhance their physical agility to elevate their athletics events score, which may be closely related to its effects in raising blood testosterone and hemoglobin levels.

PMID: 19916292

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Effect of different frequency electroacupuncture on the expression of substance P and beta-endorphin in the hypothalamus in rats with gastric distension-induced pain

[Article in Chinese]

Lin YP, Peng Y, Yi SX, Tang S.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19916289

 

Source

Keyr Laboratory of Meridian-Visceral Correlation Research, College of Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha 410007, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of different frequency electroacupuncture (EA) on hippocampal substance P (SP) and beta-endorphin (beta-EP) in rats with gastralgia so as to explore its underlying mechanism in preventing and relieving visceral pain.

METHOD:

Fifty rats were randomly divided into control, sham operation, model, low- frequency-EA and high frequency-EA groups. Gastralgia model was duplicated by gastric distension (a pressure of 40 mmHg) with a latex balloon. Low (2 Hz) and high (100 Hz) frequency EA was applied to bilateral "Zusanli (ST 36)" for 30 min. Pain score was given by using Al-Chaer's method (abdominal withdrawal reflex) and the expression of hypothalamic beta-EP and SP was detected by immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS:

Both low- and high-frequency EA of ST 36 could significantly lower the pain score (P < 0.01), and the effect of high-frequency EA was markedly superior to that of low-frequency (P < 0.01). Compared with control and sham-operation groups, both SP immuno-reaction (IR) and beta-EP IR positive cells in the hypothalamus in model group increased significantly in the number (P < 0.01), suggesting an upregulation of SP and beta-EP expression after occurrence of gastralgia. In comparison with model group, the number of SP IR and (beta-EP IR positive cells in the hypothalamus in low frequency and high frequency EA groups increased further (P < 0.01) particularly in low frequency EA group.

CONCLUSION:

Both low-frequency and high-frequency EA of "Zusanli (ST 36)" can effectively relieve gastric distension-induced gastralgia in the rat, and the effect of high-frequency EA is better, which may be closely related to its actions in promoting the release and synthesis of hypothalamic beta-EP and SP.

PMID: 19916289

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Application of hereditary "Promoting qi activating blood prescription" in clinical acupuncture and moxibustion

[Article in Chinese]

Li CQ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19873919

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Nanyang Higher Medical Training School, Nanyang 473061, China.

Abstract

The present paper introduces the composition and clinical application of "Promoting qi Activating Blood Prescription" handed down from the great-great-grandfather of the author, which can promote flow of qi and blood circulation. The prescription is composed of Jianshi (PC 5) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) point. Its scope of treatment is very extensive and can be widely applied to many clinical diseases in departments of internal medicine, surgery, gynecology and orthopedics and traumatology, etc. For all the diseases and syndromes of retention of blood stasis and qi-stagnancy and blood stasis, if promoting flow of qi and blood circulation, this prescription will be available.

PMID: 19873919

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

 

Thinking about acupuncture for treatment of simple obesity

[Article in Chinese]

Li XH, Guo XD.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19835127

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, The People's Hospital of Laiwu City, Shandong Province, Laiwu 271100, China. liend@sohu.com

Abstract

In the viewpoint of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the authors consider that simple obesity is not a disease, which does not fit to be treated according to the models of diagnosis and treatment in TCM. Considering its cause, pathogenesis, syndrome differentiation, principles and methods of treatment, as well as experimental study, etc. , the authors point out that the true effects of acupuncture on weight-loss should be investigated alone and avoid the influence of diet and exercise. Until now, what we have done on the acupuncture for treatment of simple obesity is not sufficient to verify the direct effects of acupuncture for weight-loss. The correct way for weight-loss is health care including dietary regime and regular life schedule. Comparatively, the treatment as the main choice for weight-loss is not recommended.

PMID: 19835127

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Study of the relationship between the acupoints of Zhongzhu (TE 3), Yanglingquan (GB 34) and their corresponding cortical areas with the functional MRI

[Article in Chinese]

Tian LF, Zhou C, Chen M, Zou MZ, Yang ZH.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19835125

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Beijing Hospital of The Ministry of Health, Beijing 100730, China. lftian88@yahoo.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Using the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to observe the distributed characteristic of excited cerebral cortical areas that induced by acupuncture-stimulating the Zhongzhu (TE 3) of the meridian of Hand-Shaoyang and Yanglingquan (GB 34) of the meridian of Foot-Shaoyang, and investigate the central neural mechanism on the effect of meridians and acupoints.

METHODS:

Forty-two right handed healthy volunteers were randomly divided into Zhongzhu (TE 3) group and Yanglingquan (GB 34) group. The functional cortical changes during acupuncture-stimulating the Zhongzhu (TE 3) and Yanglingquan (GB 34) were successively scanned with fMRI, and the effected areas were determined through analysing the obtained data with SPM2 software.

RESULTS:

The main excited areas were bilateral frontal lobes, temporal lobes, cerebellum and occipital lobes successively in Zhongzhu (TE 3) group, and bilateral occipital lobes, cerebellum, frontal lobes and temporal lobes in Yanglingquan (GB 34) group in contrast.

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture-stimulating both Zhongzhu (TE 3) and Yanglingquan (GB 34) can excite bilateral acoustic, visual and somatomotor cortices, which might be the central neural basis for clinical treatment on related diseases.

PMID: 19835125

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

On needle-sticking method.

[Article in Chinese]

Yue ZH, Chang XR, Jiang JM, He XQ, Ye Y.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19803241

 

Source

Acupuncture and Massage College, Hunan University of TCM, Changsha 410208, China. zhyue714@sina.com

Abstract

Needle-sticking method has essential differences from stuck needle induced by acupuncture accident. This manipulation refers to the needle-sticking manifestation induced by twirling the needle in one direction after arrival of qi so as to tangle muscle fibers, which can combined with some compound methods such as trembling, shaking, flying, lifting, plucking, dragging and so on. It is effective for excessive syndrome, pain syndrome, arthralgia syndrome, etc. and with functions of promoting flow of qi and inducing qi to carry out stimulating circulation of channel-qi, promoting the needling sensation propagating along the channel and accelerating qi reaching to the affected region. Its main adverse reactions are pain, tissue damage and so on. The selection of needling instruments, the needling depth, the twirling intensities and location of forbidden or careful application must be paid attention in concrete practice.

PMID: 19803241

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Study on twirling reinforcing-reducing manipulation based on the parameter figure of the acupuncture manipulation apparatus

[Article in Chinese]

Wang CH, Xu JM, Zhang TT.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19803240

 

Source

Acupuncture and Massage College, Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai 201203, China. wangcaihong05@126.com

Abstract

Explore the acupuncture manipulation and principle of twirling reinforcing-reducing to standardize manipulation of twirling reinforcing-reducing, so as to increase the therapeutic effect of acupuncture. The authors performed the manipulation of twirling reinforcing-reducing on the acupuncture manipulation apparatus in which were developed in the department of TCM engineering by rotating with the thumb forward as twirling-reinforcing method and the thumb backward as twirling-reducing method, respectively, and recorded these manipulation parameters and figures in real-time mode. At the same time, the lifting-thrusting manipulation curves could be exhibited in the twirling manipulation figures, with frequency synchronization between the two manipulation figures, the amplitude of the former being smaller than the latter, and the baseline of the lifting-thrusting manipulation curves in twirling-reinforcing manipulation figures being a gradual sinking and a gradual ascending in twirling-reducing manipulation figures. These findings indicate that twirling reinforcing-reducing manipulation includes slight lifting-thrusting manipulation, and twirling-reinforcing manipulation is accompanied by lifting force and twirling-reducing manipulation accompanied by thrusting force. The principle of twirling reinforcing-reducing manipulation is similar to that of lifting-thrusting reinforcing-reducing manipulation.

PMID: 19803240

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Observation on therapeutic effect of acupuncture at pain points for treatment of myofascial pain syndrome

[Article in Chinese]

Zhang JF, Wu YC, Mi YQ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19803239

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200233, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare therapeutic effects of acupuncture at pain points and massage combined with medicine on myofascial pain syndrome (MPS).

METHODS:

One hundred and fifty cases were randomly divided into an observation group (n=90) and a control group (n=60). The observation group was treated with needle-sticking method combined with single-finger meditation pushing therapy at pain points, and the control group with local application of Votalin Emulgel combined with Tuina. All the patients were treated for 1 course and followed up after 3 months and their therapeutic effects were compared.

RESULTS:

There were significant differences in cumulative scores of symptoms before and after treatment in the two groups (both P < 0.01), and there were no significant differences in the pain and pressure pain between the two groups (P > 0.05), and there were significant differences in the muscle spasm and joint range of motion between the two groups (P < 0.05); after treatment, the markedly effective rate and the total effective rate in the observation group were 57.8% and 94.4% respectively, and were 31.7% and 73.3% respectively in the control group, with a significant difference between the two groups (both P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Needle-sticking method combined with single-finger meditation pushing therapy at pain points can effectively alleviate pain and pressure pain in the patients with MPS and it has better therapeutic effect in the markedly effective rate and the total effective rate as well as improvement of muscle spasm and joint range of motion than local application of Votalin Emulgel combined with Tuina.

PMID: 19803239

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Effects of electroacupuncture on c-fos expression in nucleus of the solitary tract and electrocardiogram ST(II) in myocardial ischemia rats

[Article in Chinese]

Li JS, Yan J, He JF, Peng N.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19761110

 

Source

School of Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha 410208, China. duojiao1237@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) on c-fos expression in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS)and ischemic electrocardiogram (ECG) in acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) rats, so as to study the role of NTS in EA-induced improvement of AMI.

METHODS:

Thirty-six male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, ST 36, PC 6, "Pianli" (LI 6), and "Heyang" (BL 55) groups, with 6 cases in each. AMI model was established by intraperitoneal injection of Isoproterenol (5 mg/kg). EA (4 Hz/20 Hz, 1 mA) was applied to PC 6, ST 36, LI 6 and BL 55 for 20 min separately. c-fos expression in the NTS was detected by immunohistochemistry and ECG-ST(II) was recorded before and after AMI and EA.

RESULTS:

(1) Compared to control group, ECG-ST(II) of model group elevated significantly, while in comparison with model group, ECG-ST(II) values of ST 36 and PC 6 groups decreased significantly (P < 0.01), suggesting an improvement of AMI after EA. No significant changes of ECG-ST(II) were found in LI 6 and BL 55 groups (P > 0.05). (2) The number of fos-immunoreaction (fos-IR) positive neurons in the NTS in ST 36 and PC 6 groups was significantly lower than that in model, LI 6 and BL 55 groups (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

EA of PC 6 and ST 36 can improve ischemic ECG in AMI rats and NTS is one of the centers for integrating cardiac functional activity and information from EA of PC 6 and ST 36.

PMID: 19761110

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Joint reinforcing-reducing effect of acupuncture, moxibustion and cupping therapies.

Zhong L.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19663094

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, China.

Abstract

Based on experience in selecting points and performing manipulation according to syndromes for more than 30 years of clinical practice, the author has summarized a simple, effective and practicable method to achieve the joint reinforcing-reducing effect of acupuncture, moxibustion and cupping therapies.

PMID: 19663094

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

On structure characteristics and mechanisms of channels and collaterals

[Article in Chinese]

Chen JD.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19565738

 

Source

Section of Medical Administration, Hejin Municipal Central Hospital, Shanxi Province, Hejin 043300, China. hisj512@163.com

Abstract

Recognition of traditional Chinese medicine for the structures of channels and collaterals is possibly related with the tactics of human early general medical study, characterized by "inner", sub-micro, entirety, etc. The mechanisms are possibly involved in direct communication pathway of the cell junction (specially keeping the relevant cellular direct communication relation in individual development), the extra-cellular matrix stress network system and its biophysical message transmission--force--meridian signs transformation--inter-cellular massage integration, and "generalization" of the structures and activities of channels and collaterals in acupuncture serum phenomenon, etc. Thus, the hypothesis of multi-factors about channel structures-mechanisms is proposed.

PMID: 19565738

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

The fundamental characteristics and application of psychological intervention on acupuncture therapy

[Article in Chinese]

Gu ZY.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19563199

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Liaoning University of TCM, Shenyang 110032, China. 470199@163.com

Abstract

The process of acupuncture therapy is a complete combination of linguistic suggestion, cognitive behavioral therapy and body treatment systems. Differentiation of syndrome and diagnosis play the role of linguistic suggestion, while the magnified phenomenon of bio-information and possible manipulation on the arrival of qi play the role of cognitive behavioral therapy. The objective effectiveness of acupuncture not only includes clinical treatment, but also contains reducing or preventing foreign malignant psychological stimulation, regulating the concentration of 5-hydroxytryptamine and dopamine, and keeping the inter environment stable etc. According to the process of treating patient as followed with "telling his sickness, establishing his confidence, inducing his feeling and relieving his suffering", treatment is carried out with taking the arrival of qi as the key point, combining the steps of characteristics of psychological treatment effectively, and cooperating with psychological and body treatments to obtain effectiveness. It accords with Chinese medical theories of simultaneous treatment of the branch and root as well as effectiveness following arrival of qi.

PMID: 19563199

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Clinical effect of electroacupuncture combined with psychologic interference on patient with Internet addiction disorder

[Article in Chinese]

Zhu TM, Jin RJ, Zhong XM.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19548435

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu. tmzhu@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe, adopting randomized controlled method, the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with psychologic interference in patients with internet addiction disorder (IAD).

METHODS:

Forty-seven patients with IAD were assigned to two groups treated respectively with psychotherapy alone (A, 23 cases) and EA plus psychotherapy (B, 24 cases). The psychotherapy was conducted by cognition and behavior method, once every 4 days, for 10 times totally. EA was applied at acupoints Baihui, Sishencong, Hegu, Taichong, Neiguan, Sanyinjiao, etc. once every other day, for 20 times. Changes of scoring by IAD self-rating scale (ISS), anxiety self-rating scale (SAS), self-rating depressive scale (SDS), Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) and self-rating sub-health scale (SRSHS) before and after treatment were observed.

RESULTS:

The total effective rate was 91.3% (21/23) in Group B, better than that (59.1%, 13/22) in Group A. By the end of this study, all scores in Group B, except HAMD, were significantly lower than those in Group A respectively, i.e., for IAD, 33.20 +/- 4.53 vs. 44.00 +/- 5.81; for SAS, 30.90 +/- 6.30 vs. 39.60 +/- 5.80; for SDS, 35.38 +/- 4.59 vs. 39.60 +/- 6.33; for HAMA, 7.50 +/- 2.54 vs. 12.70 +/- 3.68; for SRSHS, 39.60 +/- 5.66 vs. 48.40 +/- 6.91, showing statistical significances (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Using psychologic interference alone or combined with EA can significantly reduce the ISS score and significantly reduce anxiety and improve self-conscious health status in patients with IAD, but the effect obtained by the combined therapy is better.

PMID: 19548435

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

 

A survey of acupuncture treatment for primary dysmenorrhea.

Zhao L, Li P.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19514193

 

Source

Beijing Massage Hospital, Beijing 100035, China.

PMID: 19514193

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

The mind-tranquilizing and menstruation-regulating method for acupuncture treatment of delayed menstrual cycle--a clinical controlled study.

Cai XM, Wu J.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19514186

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, Sichuan, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the therapeutic effects of the mind-tranquilizing and menstruation-regulating acupuncture method with the routine acupuncture method in treating delayed menstrual cycle.

METHODS:

40 patients with delayed menstrual cycle were randomly divided into a treatment group of 23 cases (treated by the mind-tranquilizing and menstruation-regulating acupuncture method), and a control group of 17 cases (treated by the routine acupuncture method for delayed menstrual cycle due to stagnation of the liver-qi). The treatment involved three menstrual cycles. The evaluations were done by scoring the symptoms before treatment and at the end of each menstrual cycle.

RESULTS:

After treatment, significant differences were found between the two groups in the therapeutic effects (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The therapeutic effect of the mind-tranquilizing and menstruation-regulating acupuncture method is significantly superior to that of the routine acupuncture method for delayed menstrual cycle.

PMID: 19514186

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, Sichuan, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the therapeutic effects of the mind-tranquilizing and menstruation-regulating acupuncture method with the routine acupuncture method in treating delayed menstrual cycle.

METHODS:

40 patients with delayed menstrual cycle were randomly divided into a treatment group of 23 cases (treated by the mind-tranquilizing and menstruation-regulating acupuncture method), and a control group of 17 cases (treated by the routine acupuncture method for delayed menstrual cycle due to stagnation of the liver-qi). The treatment involved three menstrual cycles. The evaluations were done by scoring the symptoms before treatment and at the end of each menstrual cycle.

RESULTS:

After treatment, significant differences were found between the two groups in the therapeutic effects (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The therapeutic effect of the mind-tranquilizing and menstruation-regulating acupuncture method is significantly superior to that of the routine acupuncture method for delayed menstrual cycle.

PMID: 19514186

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Electroacupuncture on the head points for improving gnosia in patients with vascular dementia.

Zhao L, Zhang H, Zheng Z, Huang J.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19514185

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the clinical effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on the head points for improving gnosia in patients with vascular dementia (VD).

METHODS:

90 VD patients were randomly divided into a drug group, an EA group and an EA plus drug group. Scoring with the MMSE scale and detecting the relevant potentials were done before treatment and after a 6-week treatment.

RESULTS:

Gnosia was improved after treatment in all the three groups with no significant difference by the intergroup comparison.

CONCLUSION:

The above three therapies can all improve gnosia, reduce the psychological stress, strengthen attention and shorten the awaiting time for recognition; and EA plus Nimodipine seems to be the best in the curative effect.

PMID: 19514185

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Study on the biofeedback effect and significance of getting qi in acupuncture

[Article in Chinese]

Gu ZY, Ma TM.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19489495

 

Source

Acupuncture Basic Teaching and Research Section, Acupuncture and Massage College, Liaoning University of TCM, Shenyang 110032, China. 470199@163.com

Abstract

In this paper, the basic concept of biofeedback therapy and the relationship between getting qi in acupuncture and biofeedback are introduced. Getting qi in acupuncture as a controllable index of biological information feedback between the physician and the patient, meets the requirement of technique manipulation for biofeedback therapy. Arrival of qi has double regulative effects on the psychological and physiological functions of the patient, and has the effectiveness of the language suggestion and behavior suggestion in correcting the error in cognition of the patient. To take getting qi as an index in treatment of mental disorders conforms to theories of traditional Chinese medicine and is supported by modern medical research achievements, enriching contents and ways of biofeedback therapy and facilitating the development of acupuncture medicine towards biological-psychological-social medicine model.

PMID: 19489495

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Neurosci Lett. 2009 Mar 13;452(2):194-9. Epub 2009 Jan 24.

 

A cerebral functional imaging study by positron emission tomography in healthy volunteers receiving true or sham acupuncture needling.

Lai X, Zhang G, Huang Y, Tang C, Yang J, Wang S, Zhou SF.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19383438

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510407, China.

Abstract

Our recent studies have demonstrated that needling in Baihui, Shuigou and Shenmen enhances glucose metabolism in the frontal lobes, thalamus, temporal lobe, and the lentiform nucleus in vascular dementia. This study examined the effect of true, sham and overt needling in Waiguan (TE5) on cerebral changes by positron emission tomography (PET) technique. Eighteen healthy volunteers were randomized to receive overt control, true or sham needling therapy. To manipulate true needling, a needle was inserted into 15+/-2mm into Waiguan and "deqi" was achieved by proper needle manipulation. For sham needling, needles with a blunt tip were pushed against the skin as the shaft moved into the handle, giving an illusion of insertion. For overt placebo, blunt needles were used and subjects did not receive any needling penetration. The tracer used was (18)fluoride-deoxygluocse. PET images obtained were processed and analyzed by the SPM2 software. Compared with overt needling, brain areas BA7, 13, 18, 19, 21, 22, 27, 38, 40, 42 and 45 in Waiguan true needling group were significantly activated and areas BA4, 6, 7, 19, 22 and 41 in sham needling group showed obvious activation. Compared to sham needling group, marked activation points were found in the areas of BA13 and 42 and left cerebellum in true needling group. Our study revealed a marked difference in brain metabolic changes between true and sham needling in Waiguan. Further studies are needed to explore the cerebral changes in patients with acupuncture and the pathological implications.

PMID: 19383438

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Clinical observation on acupoint sticking therapy for treatment of chronic pain of cervical intervertebral disc

[Article in Chinese]

Yang T, Sun F, Zhou YL.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19358501

 

Source

School of Acupuncture and Massage, Henan College of TCM, Zheng-zhou 450008, China. yangtaohnzyxy@yahoo.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To probe into an effective therapy for chronic pain of cervical intervertebral disc.

METHODS:

Sixty-six cases of chronic pain of cervical intervertebral disc were randomly divided into an acupoint sticking group and an acu puncture group, 33 cases in each group. The acupoint sticking group was treated with acupoint sticking therapy, and the acupuncture group with acupuncture. Tianding (LI 17), Futu (LI 18), Dazhui (GV 14), Tianzong (S 11), etc. were selected in the two groups. After treatment for 3 therapeutic courses, their therapeutic effects were observed.

RESULTS:

The effective rate was 93.5% in the acupoint sticking group and 72.4% in the acupuncture group, the former being better than the latter (P<0.05); in a 3-month following-up survey, the effective rate was 90.3% in the acupoint sticking group and 65.5% in the acupuncture group, the former being better than the latter (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The acupoint sticking therapy has an satisfactory therapeutic effect on chronic pain of cervical intervertebral disc.

PMID: 19358501

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Observation on clinical therapeutic effect of Jin's 3-needling therapy on severe autism

[Article in Chinese]

Yuan Q, Wang RC, Wu ZF, Zhao Y, Bao XJ, Jin R.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19358496

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Guangzhou University of TCM, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510405, China. yuanqing1005@126.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To find out an effective therapy for severe child autism.

METHODS:

Sixty-nine autism children were divided into a JIN's 3-needling group (n=35) and a behavior intervention group (n=34). The JIN's needling group was treated with JIN's 3-needling therapy, including Four-shen needling, Zhi-three needling and Nao-three needling, etc. with point group of the head selected as main points; and the behavior intervention group with professional behavior intervention comprehensive therapy in a special training school for autism children. Childhood autism rating scale (CARS) was used for evaluation of therapeutic effects.

RESULTS:

After 2 therapeutic courses (240 sessions), the markedly effective rate was 97.1% in the JIN's 3-needling group and 64.7% in the behavior intervention group; there was asignificant difference the therapeutic effect between the two groups (P<0.01); after the first course (first 120 session) and the second course (later 120 sessions), there was a very significant difference between the two groups (P<0.001); and there were significant differences before and after treatment in the courses in the two groups (P<0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Both the JIN's 3-needling therapy and the behavior intervention therapy have better therapeutic effects on severe child autism, but the therapeutic effect of JIN's 3-needling is much better.

PMID: 19358496

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Acupuncture for tension-type headache.

Linde K, Allais G, Brinkhaus B, Manheimer E, Vickers A, White AR.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19160338

 

Source

Centre for Complementary Medicine Research, Department of Internal Medicine II, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Wolfgangstr. 8, Munich, Germany, 81667. Klaus.Linde@lrz.tu-muenchen.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acupuncture is often used for tension-type headache prophylaxis but its effectiveness is still controversial. This review (along with a companion review on 'Acupuncture for migraine prophylaxis') represents an updated version of a Cochrane review originally published in Issue 1, 2001, of The Cochrane Library.

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate whether acupuncture is a) more effective than no prophylactic treatment/routine care only; b) more effective than 'sham' (placebo) acupuncture; and c) as effective as other interventions in reducing headache frequency in patients with episodic or chronic tension-type headache.

SEARCH STRATEGY:

The Cochrane Pain, Palliative & Supportive Care Trials Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field Trials Register were searched to January 2008.

SELECTION CRITERIA:

We included randomized trials with a post-randomization observation period of at least 8 weeks that compared the clinical effects of an acupuncture intervention with a control (treatment of acute headaches only or routine care), a sham acupuncture intervention or another intervention in patients with episodic or chronic tension-type headache.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

Two reviewers checked eligibility; extracted information on patients, interventions, methods and results; and assessed risk of bias and quality of the acupuncture intervention. Outcomes extracted included response (at least 50% reduction of headache frequency; outcome of primary interest), headache days, pain intensity and analgesic use.

MAIN RESULTS:

Eleven trials with 2317 participants (median 62, range 10 to 1265) met the inclusion criteria. Two large trials compared acupuncture to treatment of acute headaches or routine care only. Both found statistically significant and clinically relevant short-term (up to 3 months) benefits of acupuncture over control for response, number of headache days and pain intensity. Long-term effects (beyond 3 months) were not investigated. Six trials compared acupuncture with a sham acupuncture intervention, and five of the six provided data for meta-analyses. Small but statistically significant benefits of acupuncture over sham were found for response as well as for several other outcomes. Three of the four trials comparing acupuncture with physiotherapy, massage or relaxation had important methodological or reporting shortcomings. Their findings are difficult to interpret, but collectively suggest slightly better results for some outcomes in the control groups.

AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS:

In the previous version of this review, evidence in support of acupuncture for tension-type headache was considered insufficient. Now, with six additional trials, the authors conclude that acupuncture could be a valuable non-pharmacological tool in patients with frequent episodic or chronic tension-type headaches.

Comment in

PMID: 19160338

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

PMCID: PMC3099266

 

Acupuncture for migraine prophylaxis.

Linde K, Allais G, Brinkhaus B, Manheimer E, Vickers A, White AR.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19160193

 

Source

Centre for Complementary Medicine Research, Department of Internal Medicine II, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Wolfgangstr. 8, Munich, Germany, 81667. Klaus.Linde@lrz.tu-muenchen.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Acupuncture is often used for migraine prophylaxis but its effectiveness is still controversial. This review (along with a companion review on 'Acupuncture for tension-type headache') represents an updated version of a Cochrane review originally published in Issue 1, 2001, of The Cochrane Library.

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate whether acupuncture is a) more effective than no prophylactic treatment/routine care only; b) more effective than 'sham' (placebo) acupuncture; and c) as effective as other interventions in reducing headache frequency in patients with migraine.

SEARCH STRATEGY:

The Cochrane Pain, Palliative & Supportive Care Trials Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field Trials Register were searched to January 2008.

SELECTION CRITERIA:

We included randomized trials with a post-randomization observation period of at least 8 weeks that compared the clinical effects of an acupuncture intervention with a control (no prophylactic treatment or routine care only), a sham acupuncture intervention or another intervention in patients with migraine.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

Two reviewers checked eligibility; extracted information on patients, interventions, methods and results; and assessed risk of bias and quality of the acupuncture intervention. Outcomes extracted included response (outcome of primary interest), migraine attacks, migraine days, headache days and analgesic use. Pooled effect size estimates were calculated using a random-effects model.

MAIN RESULTS:

Twenty-two trials with 4419 participants (mean 201, median 42, range 27 to 1715) met the inclusion criteria. Six trials (including two large trials with 401 and 1715 patients) compared acupuncture to no prophylactic treatment or routine care only. After 3 to 4 months patients receiving acupuncture had higher response rates and fewer headaches. The only study with long-term follow up saw no evidence that effects dissipated up to 9 months after cessation of treatment. Fourteen trials compared a 'true' acupuncture intervention with a variety of sham interventions. Pooled analyses did not show a statistically significant superiority for true acupuncture for any outcome in any of the time windows, but the results of single trials varied considerably. Four trials compared acupuncture to proven prophylactic drug treatment. Overall in these trials acupuncture was associated with slightly better outcomes and fewer adverse effects than prophylactic drug treatment. Two small low-quality trials comparing acupuncture with relaxation (alone or in combination with massage) could not be interpreted reliably.

AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS:

In the previous version of this review, evidence in support of acupuncture for migraine prophylaxis was considered promising but insufficient. Now, with 12 additional trials, there is consistent evidence that acupuncture provides additional benefit to treatment of acute migraine attacks only or to routine care. There is no evidence for an effect of 'true' acupuncture over sham interventions, though this is difficult to interpret, as exact point location could be of limited importance. Available studies suggest that acupuncture is at least as effective as, or possibly more effective than, prophylactic drug treatment, and has fewer adverse effects. Acupuncture should be considered a treatment option for patients willing to undergo this treatment.

Update of

PMID: 19160193

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

PMCID: PMC3099267

 

[Present situation and thinking of comparative studies on effects of acupoints and non-acupoints].

[Article in Chinese]

Tian XP, Li Y, Ma TT, Liang FR.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19127920

 

Source

College of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Massage, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu, Sichuan 610075, China.

Abstract

The therapeutic effect of acupuncture is closely related to acupoints, and the specificity of acupoint indications is one of the key factors for regulatory and therapeutic effects of acupuncture. In recent years, a number of researches focusing on acupoint specificity have been done through comparison of the effects of acupoint and non acupoint. In this article, by analysis of recent 10 years' comparative studies of acupoints and non-acupoints, main problems in the existing researches are put forward including laying stress on the study of local effects, belittling the study on general effect; confused selection of acupoints and non-acupoints; lack of high-quality multi-central, ran domized and controlled trials with large sample; and the train of thought of the future research are probed.

PMID:

19127920

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Relationship between electroacupuncture-induced regulatory effect on leukocytes and the caliber of splenic sinusoid basal lamina eyehole on rabbits].

[Article in Chinese]

Mao HJ, Wu HH, Bu LL, Zhou YB, Sun J, Sun PL.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19097498

 

Source

College of Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Shanghai University of Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China. maohuijuan1977@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the underlining mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) in regulating leukocyte counts in the rabbit.

METHODS:

A total of 75 rabbits were randomly divided into normal control, leukocytosis model, leukocytosis + EA, leukopenia model, leukopenia+EA groups, with 15 cases in each. EA (2-20 Hz, 1-2 mA) was applied to "Dazhui" (DU 14), bilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36) and bilateral "Geshu" (BL 17) for 20 min, once daily for 5 days. Leukocytosis and leukopenia models were duplicated by intravenous injection of coliform (0.1 ml/kg) and cyclophosphamide (30 mg/kg) separately. Peripheral blood leukocyte counts were detected every day. At the end of the experiment, the rabbit's spleen tissue was collected under anesthesia, and the diameter of splenic sinusoid basal lamina eyehole was measured under scanning electronic microscope.

RESULTS:

Compared with normal control group, after i.v. coliform and cyclophosphamide, leukocytes increased and decreased significantly and respectively, while the area of the splenic sinusoid basal lamina eyehole in leukocytosis model group increased lightly and that of leukopenia model group reduced obviously (P < 0.01). In comparison with their individual model group, the leukocyte count in leukocytosis + EA group decreased considerably (P < 0.05), while that of leukopenia + EA group increased markedly (P < 0.01). The area of splenic sinusoid basal lamina eyehole in leukocytosis+ EA group decreased apparently (P < 0.05), and that in leukopenia+ EA group increased remarkably (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION EA is able to regulate the leukocyte counts in coliform-induced leukocytosis and cyclophosphamide-induced leukopenia rabbits, which may be related with its effects in improving the splenic sinusoid basal lamina eyehole activity.

PMID:

19097498

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effect of acupuncture at acupoints of the Shaoyang Meridian on cerebral glucose metabolism in the patient of chronic migraine].

[Article in Chinese]

Li XZ, Liu XG, Song WZ, Tang Y, Zeng F, Liang FR.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19055296

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu, Sichuan 610075, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe response characteristics of human brain to acupuncture of corresponding channel point selection and probe into the central nervous mechanism of acupuncture at the points selected along channel.

METHODS:

Six cases of chronic migraine were treated with acupuncture at Fengchi (GB 20), Waiguan (TE 5), Yang-lingquan (GB 34) on the Shaoyang Channel. Positron emission computerized tomography (PET-CT) was used for scanning and statistic parameter map (SPM 2) software was used to analyze the data and compare with healthy human brain function imaging and investigate the changes of metabolism of glucose in the brain of the patient of migraine before and after acupuncture.

RESULTS:

After acupuncture, excitation areas of the pain brain regions such as the brain stem, insula, etc. obviously reduced, and the brain function-reducing area turned from the right temporal lobe as main to bilateral temporal lobes with symmetry.

CONCLUSION:

The pons, insula, anterior frontal gyrus, etc. possibly are the target points of analgesic effect of acupuncture at the Shaoyang Channel on chronic migraine, and the change of metabolism reduction on bilateral temporal lobes induced by acupuncture possibly is one of the mechanisms for acu-puncture at points on the Shaoyang Channel for treatment of migraine. Acupuncture achieves whole and beneficial therapeutic effect possibly through coordination and redistribution of energy metabolism in the brain.

PMID:

19055296

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Quality monitoring in multi-central large sample acupuncture clinical trials].

[Article in Chinese]

Zhao L, Li Y, Zhang FW, Guang H.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19055291

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu, Sichuan 610075, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To ensure and enhance the quality of multi-central large sample clinical trials of acupunc ture and moxibustion.

METHODS:

Take the multi-central clinical trials supported by National Key Technology R &- D Program of "the 11th Five-year Plan" as an example to introduce the duty of monitors and simply describe the formulation of the monitoring plan, the monitoring procedure and contents of the monitoring plan and treatment of the commonly-seen problems.

CONCLUSION:

Quality monitoring work in multi-central large sample clinical trials of acupuncture and moxibustion is equally serious and scientific with clinical medical trials and it is an important way to guarantee the credible results.

PMID:

19055291

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Multi-central randomized controlled investigation on the massage for supplementing qi and removing obstruction in the Governor Vessel for treatment of infantile diarrhea due to spleen deficiency].

[Article in Chinese]

Wang HL, Zhang SQ, Zhang PL, Geng XJ, Yan XH, Zhang SJ, Lang M, Wang Z, Lin GP, Chen JH.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19055286

 

Source

The Third Affiliated Hospital of Henan College of TCM, Zhengzhou 450008, China. wanghualan1956@tom.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To make multi-central clinical evaluation of the massage for supplementing qi and removing obstruction in the Governor Vessel for treatment of infantile diarrhea due to spleen deficiency.

METHODS:

By using multi-central, randomized and controlled method, 275 cases were randomly divided into an observation group (n = 137) and a control group (n = 138). The observation group were treated by the massage for supplementing qi and removing obstruction in the Governor Vessel, and the control group by routine massage therapy in Tuina Science, a teaching material for college and school of TCM. After treatment for 7 days, their therapeutic effects were compared.

RESULTS:

The cured rate was 83.2% in the observation group and 69.6% in the control group with a signifi cant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05), the former being better than the latter. The mean cured time was (3.22 +/- 1.04) days in the observation group and (4.20 +/- 1.11) days in the control group with a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05), the former being shorter than the latter.

CONCLUSION:

The massage for supplementing qi and removing obstruction in the Governor Vessel has a definite therapeutic effect on infantile diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, with rapid effect.

PMID:

19055286

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

[Clinically multi-central randomized controlled study on scalp electroacupuncture for treatment of vascular dementia].

[Article in Chinese]

Zhang H, Zhao L, He CQ, Hu KM, Liu J.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19055278

 

Source

Acupuncture and Massage College, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu, Sichuan 610075, China. hzhang0123@sina.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To provide reliable evidence for acupuncture treatment of vascular dementia (VD).

METHODS:

Multi-central randomized controlled trial method was adopted and 270 cases enrolled were randomly assigned to an acupuncture-medicine group, an electroacupuncture group and a medication group. The acupuncture-medicine group were treated by scalp electroacupuncture on Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Fengchi (GB 20) and oral administration of Nimodipine; the electroacupuncture group were treated with scalp electroacupuncture; the medication group were treated with simple oral administration of Nimodipine. They were treated for 6 weeks. Mini-mental state scale (MMSE), ability of daily life-rating scale (ADL-R) and P300 were detected before and after treatment.

RESULTS:

The total effective rate for cognition improvement was 86.59% in the acupuncture-medicine group, 82.05% in the electroacupuncture group and 43.21% in the medication group, the electroacupuncture group and the acupuncture-medicine group being better than the medication group; and their total effective rates for improvement of ability of daily life were 59.76%, 65.38% and 32.10%, respectively, the electroacupuncture group and the acupuncture-medicine group being better than the medication group. Scores for MMSE and ADL-R and P300 examination indicated that there were significant differences as the acupuncture-medicine group and the electroacupuncture group compared with the medication group (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Scalp electroacupuncture or scalp electroacupuncture combined with oral administration of Nimodipine has a better therapeutic effect in improvement of recognition function and the ability of life activity than simple oral administration of Nimodipine with a higher safety.

PMID:

19055278

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

 

 

[Survey of acupuncture treatment for neurogenic bladder dysfunction after spinal cord injuries].

[Article in Chinese]

Wang JQ, Liu ZS.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18972741

 

Source

Beijing General Hospital of Aerospace, Beijing 100076, China. ae2000wangjiaqi@hotmail.com

Abstract

Acupuncture and moxibustion for treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction after spinal cord injuries at home and abroad in recent years is introduced. The acupuncture and moxibustion methods for treatment of this kind of disease are classified and analyzed from body acupuncture, electroacupuncture, acupoint pressure and massage, acupoint-injection, acupoint sticking and so on. Acupuncture and moxibustion are widely applied to treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction after spinal cord injuries, with definite therapeutic effect and good safety. The effectiveness of other evaluation indexes of acupuncture and moxibustion for treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction after spinal cord injuries needs to be proved by more randomized and controlled trials of high quality with strict design and scientific methods.

PMID:

18972741

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[On moxibustion for preventing diseases].

[Article in Chinese]

Zhang SJ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18972732

 

Source

School of Acupuncture and Massage, Henan College of TCM, Zhengzhou 450008, China. zhshj0406@sina.com

Abstract

Along with the improvement of living standard, people's consciousness about health care is gradually raising. Moxibustion is a convenient and effective therapy for preventing diseases and prolonging life. In this paper, functions of moxibustion therapy are probed from the preventing diseases, reasonable selection of acupoints and clinical studies, etc. It is held that moxibustion can promote metabolism and increase immune function, hence preventing diseases and prolonging life.

PMID:

18972732

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effects of substance-partitioned moxibustion on plasma beta-EP content in the patient with primary dysmenorrhea of cold-damp stagnation type in the menstrual period].

[Article in Chinese]

She YF, Sun LH, Yang JJ, Ge JJ, Li XH, Lu YJ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18972726

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, College of TCM, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050091, China. sheyanfen@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To probe into the mechanism of substance-partitioned moxibustion in treatment of primary dysmenorrhea (PD) of cold-damp stagnation type.

METHODS:

The treatment group (105 cases of PD) were treated with substance-partitioned moxibustion and the control group (104 cases) were treated with Chinese drug Yueyue-shu. Their therapeutic effects were observed. Plasma beta-endorphin contents in menstrual period were determined before and after treatment in 40 patients of each group.

RESULTS:

The total effective rate of 95.2% in the substance partitioned moxibustion group was better than 85.6% in the control group (P < 0.05); after treatment, plasma beta-endorphin content significantly increased in the substance-partitioned moxibustion group (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Substance-partitioned moxibustion has obvious therapeutic effect on primary dysmenorrhea of cold-damp stagnation type, which is carried out possibly through regulating the plasma beta-endorphin content as one of the mechanisms.

PMID:

18972726

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effects of different interference orders of electroacupuncture and exercise therapy on the therapeutic effect of hemiplegia after stroke].

[Article in Chinese]

Shen FF, Wu Q, Lin ZR, Lin D, Huang DE, Liu JZ, Chen LD, Zhang XJ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18972724

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Fujian College of TCM, Fuzhou 350108, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe effects of different interference orders of electroacupuncture and exercise therapy on the therapeutic effect of hemiplegia after stroke.

METHODS:

The patients of hemiplegia due to stroke were randomly divided into a group A and a group B. The group A were treated by exercise therapy after electroacupuncture (EA) and the group B by EA after exercise therapy. Fugl-Meyer evaluation (FME), modified Barthel index (MBI) and amplitude of somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) on the affected side before treatment and after one therapeutic course (2 weeks) were recorded and compared in the two groups.

RESULTS:

Before and after treatment, FME were 31.760 +/- 4.438 and 76.640 +/- 3.621, and MBI were 26.520 +/- 2.413 and 62.360 +/- 3.700 in the group A; and FME were 32.480 +/- 5.903 and 65.640 +/- 5.212, and the MBI were 28.000 +/- 3.383 and 54.480 +/- 5.205 in the group B, respectively, with very significant differences in FME and MBI in the two groups (all P < 0.01); and the different values before and after treatment in the two indexes in the group A were better than those in the group B (all P < 0.05). There was a very significant difference in the amplitude of SEP before and after treatment in the group A (P < 0.01) and no significant difference in the group B, and there was no significant difference between the two groups in the different value of the amplitude of SEP.

CONCLUSION:

Combination of any orders of electroacupuncture and exercise therapy can improve limb function of the patient with hemiplegia after stroke, but the therapeutic effect of exercise therapy after EA is better.

PMID:

18972724

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Do Japanese style acupuncture and moxibustion reduce symptoms of the common cold?

Kawakita K, Shichidou T, Inoue E, Nabeta T, Kitakoji H, Aizawa S, Nishida A, Yamaguchi N, Takahashi N, Sumiya E, Okada K, Umeda T, Yano T, Tanzawa S.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18955215

 

Source

Research Department of JSAM, Department of Physiology, Meiji University of Oriental Medicine, Hiyoshi-cho, Nantan-City, Kyoto 629-0392, Japan. Tel & Fax: +81-(0)771-72-1289; k_kawakita@meiji-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

We summarize the results from a series of investigations of Japanese style acupuncture and moxibustion therapies on symptoms of the common cold that have been conducted (FTLE 1999-03, supported by the Foundation for Training and Licensure Examination in Anma- Massage- Acupressure, Acupuncture and Moxibustion). We also discuss the various interventions and concerns that we faced during these investigations. The subjects were students and teachers. The pilot study (FTLE1999) of a two arm (real and non-treatment control) RCT at a Japanese acupuncture school showed that manual acupuncture to a specific needling point at the throat clearly reduced symptoms of the common cold. The first multi-center (five centers) RCT (FTLE 2000) revealed a significant reduction in cold symptoms, by general linear model analysis (between groups, P = 0.024). To reduce the technical variation, we employed indirect moxibustion to the neck points as a uniform intervention in the next project (FTLE 2001) without statistically significant results. Then we elongated the periods of treatment from 2 to a maximum of 12 weeks (FTLE 2002) with different interventions accompanied by 4 weeks follow-up. The results were still not statistically significant. As the final project, we tried to develop a new experimental design for individualized intervention by conducting n-of-1 trials using elderly subjects in a health care center but without detecting a clear effect. In conclusion, the safety of Japanese acupuncture or moxibustion was sufficiently demonstrated; however, a series of clinical trials could not offer convincing evidence to recommend the use of Japanese style acupuncture or moxibustion for preventing the common cold. Further studies are required as the present trials had several limitations.

PMID:

18955215

[PubMed - in process]

PMCID: PMC2586319

Free PMC Article

 

[Effects of acupuncture on bone metabolism and serum estradiol level in ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis rats].

[Article in Chinese]

Ma J, Yun-guang H, Zhang DH.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18928114

 

Source

College of Acu-moxibustion & Massage, Chengdu University of Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, China. doctor_majie@126.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of acupuncture (Acu) on bone metabolism and serum estradiol (E2) in ovariectomized (OVX) rats for studying its underlying mechanism in treating osteoporosis.

METHODS:

Forty female SD rats of six months were randomized into sham operation (sham), model, Acu and Diethylstibestrol (DES) groups, with 10 cases in each. Postmenopausal osteoporosis model was established by removing ovaries under anesthesia. In Acu group, bilateral "Dazhu" (BL 11), "Shenshu" (BL 23) and "Pishu" (BL 20) were punctured and stimulated for 30 minutes, once daily for 60 days. Rats of DES group were drenched with saline+DES (22.5 microg/ml) 1 ml/100 g, once daily for 60 days. At the end of experiments, blood samples were collected from femoral artery for assaying serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) contents by using biochemistry, and serum bone gla protein (BGP) and E2 levels by immunoradioassay.

RESULTS:

Compared with sham group, uterus wet weight, serum E2 content in model group decreased significantly (P < 0.01) while body weight, serum ALP, BGP and TRAP levels in model group increased significantly (P < 0.01, 0.05). Compared with model group, uterus wet weight and serum Ez content in Acu and DES groups increased significantly (P < 0.01); while body weight, serum ALP, BGP and TRAP levels decreased considerably (P < 0.01). No significant differences were found between Acu and DES groups in serum E2, ALP, BGP and TRAP levels (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture can suppress abnormal increase of body weight and decrease of serum E2 level, and significantly downregulate serum ALP, BGP and TRAP levels in OVX rats, which may contribute to its effect in relieving osteoporosis.

PMID:

18928114

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Acupuncture for restless legs syndrome.

Cui Y, Wang Y, Liu Z.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18843716

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Guang An Men Hospital - China Academy of Chinese Medicine Science, No 5 Bei Xian Ge Street, Xuan Wu District, Beijing, China, 100053. cybnu@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common movement disorder for which patients may seek treatment with acupuncture. However, the benefits of acupuncture in the treatment of RLS are unclear and have not been evaluated in a systematic review until now.

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy in patients with RLS.

SEARCH STRATEGY:

We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library, Issue 1, 2007), MEDLINE (January 1950 to February 2007), EMBASE (January 1980 to 2007 Week 8), Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) (1978 to February 2007), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) (1979 to February 2007), VIP Database (1989 to February 2007), Japana Centra Revuo Medicina (1983 to 2007) and Korean Medical Database (1986 to 2007). Four Chinese journals, relevant academic conference proceedings and reference lists of articles were handsearched.

SELECTION CRITERIA:

Randomized controlled trials and quasi-randomized trials comparing acupuncture with no intervention, placebo acupuncture, sham acupuncture, pharmacological treatments, or other non-acupuncture interventions for primary RLS were included. Trials comparing acupuncture plus non-acupuncture treatment with the same non-acupuncture treatment were also included. Trials that only compared different forms of acupuncture or different acupoints were excluded.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

Two authors independently identified potential articles, assessed methodological quality and extracted data. Relative risk (RR) was used for binary outcomes and weighted mean difference for continuous variables. Results were combined only in the absence of clinical heterogeneity.

MAIN RESULTS:

Fourteen potentially relevant trials were identified initially, but twelve of them did not meet the selection criteria and were excluded. Only two trials with 170 patients met the inclusion criteria. No data could be combined due to clinical heterogeneity between trials. Both trials had methodological and/or reporting shortcomings. No significant difference was detected in remission of overall symptoms between acupuncture and medications in one trial (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.76 to 1.24). Another trial found that dermal needle therapy used in combination with medications and massage was more effective than medications and massage alone, in terms of remission of unpleasant sensations in the legs (RR 1.36, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.75; WMD -0.61, 95% CI -0.96 to -0.26) and reduction of RLS frequency (WMD -3.44, 95% CI -5.15 to -1.73). However, there was no significant difference for the reduction in either the longest or the shortest duration of RLS (WMD -2.58, 95% CI -5.92 to 0.76; WMD -0.38, 95% CI -1.08 to 0.32).

AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS:

There is insufficient evidence to determine whether acupuncture is an efficacious and safe treatment for RLS. Further well-designed, large-scale clinical trials are needed.

PMID:

18843716

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

[Acupoint electrogymnastics therapy for treatment of apoplectic hemiplegia: a multicenter randomized control study].

[Article in Chinese]

Yang HY, Liu TY, Wang YH, Ying SG, Zheng CY, Kuai L, Gao M.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18822975

 

Source

Teaching and Research Section of TCM Engineering, College of Acupuncture and Massage, Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai 201203, China. yhyabcd@sina.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the therapeutic effect of acupoint electrogymnastics therapy on apoplectic hemiplegia, so as to further popularize this therapy in treatment of apoplectic hemiplegia.

METHODS:

Using three-central, randomized, controlled, multi-blind methods, 153 cases were divided into an electrogymnastics group (n = 77) and an electroacupuncture group (n = 76). They were treated with acupoint electrogymnastics (AE) and traditional electroacupuncture (TEA), respectively. Shousanli (LI 10) and Waiguan (TE 5) on upper limbs and Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Zusanli (ST 36) on the lower limbs were selected in the two groups. A JD-2008 hemiplegia treatment apparatus was used in the AE group. Fugl-Meyer method was used for assessment of motor function and sense function of the four limbs, balance function and joint activity, etc. before and after treatment.

RESULTS:

In the motor function and sense function of four limbs, balance function and joint activity in the two groups had significant improvement after treatment (both P < 0. 001) with no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Both acupoint electrogymnastics (AE) and traditional electroacupuncture (TEA) have a similar therapeutic effect on apoplectic hemiplegia, but AE has the advantages of safety, reliability and convenience in operation, so it is suitable for long-term rehabilitation treatment of the patient and for popularization in hospital of basic level.

PMID:

18822975

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Impact of different emulated acupuncture-needle manipulations on blood pressure and myocardial angiotensin II content in spontaneous hypertension rats].

[Article in Chinese]

Yang HY, Zhong XH, Liu TY, Kuai L, Gao M.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18807722

 

Source

College of Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Shanghai University of Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China. yhyabcd@sina.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of different emulated acupuncture-needle manipulations on blood pressure and myocardial angiotensin (Ang) II content in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), so as to seek a better acupuncture parameter for clinical treatment of hypertension.

METHODS:

Thirty-three SHR were randomly divided into mild-stimulation group (n=8), moderate-stimulation group (n=8), heavy-stimulation group (n=8) and model group (n=9). Additionally, other 8 normal rats were made up of control group. Blood pressure (BP) was determined by using a non-invasive BP detection system. Myocardial Ang II content was assayed by radioimmunoassay. The emulated acupuncture-needle twirling angles and frequencies of 144 degrees, 75 r/min; 255 degrees, 111 r/min; and 360 degrees, 140 r/min in mild, moderate and heavy manipulations were applied to bilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Taichong" (LR 3) for 3 min, once daily for 3 weeks, with an interval of 2 days between every two weeks.

RESULTS:

Compared with pre-therapy, BP values of both heavy-stimulation and model groups increased significantly (P<0.01); and compared with model group, BP values of mild-stimulation and moderate-stimulation groups decreased significantly after the therapy (P<0.05), but were still higher than that of control group (P<0.05). In addition, myocardial Ang II contents of mild-stimulation, moderate-stimulation, heavy-stimulation and model groups were significantly higher than that of control group (P<0.05). No significant differences were found between mild-stimulation and moderate-stimulation groups, and between heavy-stimulation and model groups after therapy in BP, and among mild-stimulation, moderate-stimulation, heavy-stimulation and model groups in myocardial Ang II contents (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Mild and moderate manipulations of ST36 and LR3 have apparent influence on BP, but no apparent influence on myocardial Ang II content.

PMID:

18807722

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

[Effect of high-frequency electroacupuncture on lipid metabolism in obesity rats].

[Article in Chinese]

Wang SJ, Xu HZ, Xiao HL.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18807715

 

Source

Department of Acu-moxibustion and Massage, College of Chinese Medicine, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050091, China. shaojin26@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of high-frequency electroacupuncture (EA) on lipid metabolism in obesity rats.

METHODS:

Fifty-one SD rats were randomized into control group (n=13), model group (n=19) and EA group (n=19). Obesity model was duplicated by feeding the rats with high fat forage and subcutaneous injection of 15% glutamate sodium solution. EA (100 Hz, 3-5 mA) was applied to "Housanli" (ST 36), "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6), "Guanyuan" (CV 4) and "Zhongwan" (CV 12) for 10 min everyday and for 28 days. Lee's index, body weight, area and the number of the adipose cells around the left kidney were detected. Blood samples were collected for assaying serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC) with cholesterol oxidase phenol 4-aminoantipyrine peroxidase (CHOD-PAP) method, glycerol phosphate oxidase-p-aminophenazone (GPO-PAP) methods, high density lipid-cholesterol (HDL-C) with phosphotungstic acid- Mg2+ method, low density lipid-cholesterol (LDL-C) with polyvingel sulfate (PVS) sedimentation method and plasma lipoprotein lipase (LPL) with immunoturbidmetry endpoint method, and serum insulin and leptin contents with radioimmunoassay respectively.

RESULTS:

After modeling, in comparison with control group, Lee's index, serum TG, TC, LDL-C, fat weight, adipose cell area, serum leptin and insulin contents in model group increased considerably (P<0.05, 0.01), while serum HDL-C, plasma LPL, adipose cell number decreased significantly (P<0.05, 0.01). Following EA, compared with model group, Lee's index, serum TG, TC, LDL-C, fat weight, adipose cell area, serum leptin and insulin levels decreased significantly in EA group (P<0.05, 0.01), whereas serum HDL-C, plasma LPL, and adipose cell number increased apparently (P<0.01).

CONCLUSION:

High frequency EA can effectively improve abnormal lipid metabolism, and reduce fat accumulation in obesity rats, which may be closely associated with its effect in regulating the balance between leptin and insulin levels.

PMID:

18807715

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Observation on therapeutic effect of moxibustion with thunder-fire herbal moxa stick on xerophthalmia of oligodacrya].

[Article in Chinese]

Chen LQ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18767584

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China. chenluquan@sohu.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe clinical therapeutic effect of moxibustion with thunder-fire herbal moxa stick on xerophthalmia of oligodacrya.

METHODS:

Seventy cases were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group. The observation group (n=36) were treated with moxibustion with thunder-fire herbal moxa stick at Cuanzhu (BL 2), Yuyao (EX-HN 4), Tongziliao (GB 1), Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Sibai (ST 2), Jingming (BL 1), etc. and massage of acupoints and lacrimal gland around the eye. The control group (n=34) were treated with local dripping Leiran Diyanye. Changes of the main symptoms, tears secretion test, lacrimal membrane breaking time and corneal fluorescent staining before and after treatment were observed in the two groups.

RESULTS:

After treatment, sensation of dryness and foreign body sensation in the eye, asthenopia and gross symptoms significantly improved (P<0.01) in the two groups, and the observation group in the improvement of the sensation of dryness and foreign body sensation in the eye and the gross symptoms was better than the control group (P<0.05); tears secretion test significantly improved and was better in the observation group than that in the control group (P<0.05); lacrimal membrane breaking time and corneal fluorescent staining were improved in the two groups (P<0.05), and the improvement of lacrimal membrane breaking time in the observation group was more obvious than that in the control group (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Moxibustion with thunder-fire herbal moxa stick has good therapeutic effect on xerophthalmia of oligodacrya.

PMID:

18767584

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

[Effects of electroacupuncture combined with psychologic interference on anxiety state and serum NE content in the patient of internet addiction disorder].

[Article in Chinese]

Zhu TM, Jin RJ, Zhong XM, Chen J, Li H.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18767577

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu, Sichuan 610075, China. tmzhu@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on internet addiction disorder (lAD) and to preliminarily probe the mechanism.

METHODS:

Forty-seven cases of TAD were randomly divided into a psychotherapy group and an EA plus psychotherapy group. The psychotherapy group were treated with cognition and behavior therapy, once every 4 days, 10 sessions constituting one course; the EA plus psychotherapy group were treated with EA at Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Neiguan (PC 6), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), etc. once every other day, for 20 sessions, in combination with the same psychotherapy as that in the psychotherapy group. Changes of score of lAD, score of anxiety self-rating scale (SAS), score of Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) and serum norepinephrine (NE) content before and after treatment were observed.

RESULTS:

The total effective rate was 91.3% in the EA plus psychotherapy group and 59.1% in the psychotherapy group, the former being better than the latter (P<0.05). The scores for IAD, SAS, HAMA, and the se-rum NE content after treatment were significantly decreased in the two groups (both P<0.01). Those in the EA plus psychotherapy group were significantly lower than those in the psychotherapy group (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Electroacupuncture combined with psychologic interference can significantly improve anxiety state and the mechanism is possibly related with the decrease of NE in the body.

PMID:

18767577

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

[Study on surface infrared radiation spectrums of danzhong (CV 17) in the patient of hyperplasia of mammary glands].

[Article in Chinese]

Ying J, Shen XY, Ding GH, Chen HF, Zhang HM, Shen ZP, Hu SF.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18678162

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai 201203, China. yingjian37@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare differences of surface infrared radiation spectrums between Danzhong (CV 17) A high-sensitive PHE and non-acupoint control point in the patient of hyperplasia of mammary glands.

METHODS:

201 surface infrared spectrograph was used to detect infrared radiation spectrums of Danzhong (CV 17) and non-acupoint control point at 1.5-16.0 microm wave band in the patient of hyperplasia of mammary glands.

RESULTS:

The shape of the infrared spectrums of Danzhong (CV 17) was similar to that of the non-acupoint control point, but with lower radiation intensity. Of the 59 wavelength spots detected, 13 (6.75-8.25 microm, 9.00 microm, 9.25 microm, 9.75 microm, 13.25-13.75 microm) had significant differences in infrared radiation intensity between Danzhong (CV 17) and non-acupoint control point (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The intensity of infrared radition of Danzhong (CV 17) is lower and Qimen (LR 14) is higher than that of the non-acupoint control point in the patient with hyperplasia of mammary glands, showing that different channels are at different states of deficiency and excess under pathological condition of hyperplasia of mammary glands.

PMID:

18678162

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

 

[Clinical observation on treatment of primary dysmenorrhea with acupuncture and massage].

[Article in Chinese]

Lin LL, Liu CZ, Huang BY.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18672768

 

Source

Acupuncture College of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of acupuncture massage for primary dysmenorrhea and its influence on prostaglandin F2alpha level in menstrual fluid.

METHODS:

Ninety patients with primary dysmenorrhea were assigned equally to the acupuncture group, the massage group and the control group (oral administrated with Somiton tablet). The treatment course was 3 menstrual cycles. The effect in relieving menalgia was evaluated using numerical rating scale (NRS) before and after treatment and change of PGF2alpha content in menstrual fluid was tested as well.

RESULTS:

The NRS score was 0.60 +/- 0.67 in the acupuncture group and 0.53 +/- 0.63 in the massage group respectively, significantly lower than that in the control group, which was 2.30 +/- 1.73 (P < 0.01). The PGF2alpha level after treatment was significantly lower in the acupuncture group (176.58 +/- 17.85 ng/L) and the massage group (171.32 +/- 17.15 ng/L) than that in the control group (220.56 +/- 54.47 ng/L), respectively (P <0.01). There showed no difference in the two aspects between the acupuncture group and the massage group (P >0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture and massage has a reliable therapeutic effect on primary dysmenorrhea, which is superior to that of Somiton tablet, and its mechanism might be exerted by regulating PGF2alpha level in menstrual fluid.

PMID:

18672768

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Clinical observation on warming-removing obstruction needling method for treatment of sudden tinnitus and deafness].

[Article in Chinese]

Ji J, Fang XL.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18652328

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Gansu College of TCM, Lanzhou, China. jjwyw2002@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare therapeutic effects of acupuncture at Fengchi (GB 20) as main with warming-removing obstruction needling method and routine acupuncture on sudden tinnitus and deafness.

METHODS:

Sixty-two cases were randomly divided into a warming-removing obstruction needling method group (n=32) and a routine acupuncture group (n=30). The warming-removing obstruction needling method group were treated with acupuncture at Fengchi (GB 20) as main point with warming-removing obstruction needling method, in combination with local, distant points of ear with twirling uniform reinforcing-reducing method used; and the routine acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at local and distant points of ear with twirling uniform reinforcing-reducing method adopted. After treatment for 3 courses, their therapeutic effects were compared and followed-up.

RESULTS:

The cured-markedly effective rate, the effective rate and the recurrence rate were 90.6%, 96.9% and 3.4% in the war ming-removing obstruction needling method group, and 60.0%, 80.0% and 22.2% in the routine acupuncture group, with a very significant difference in the cured-markedly effective rate (P<0.01) and with a significant difference in the effective rate and the recurrence rate (P<0.05) between the two groups.

CONCLUSION:

The therapeutic effect of the warming-removing obstruction needling method group is significantly better than that of the routine acupuncture group with lower recurrence rate after cure.

PMID:

18652328

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Thirty-six cases of urinary retention treated by acupuncture.

Zhang D.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18652110

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Guangzhou TCM University, Guangzhou 510405, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the clinical therapeutic effects of acupuncture on urinary retention.

METHODS:

36 cases of urinary retention were treated by acupuncture at the following points: 1) Qugu (CV 2), Zhongji (CV 3) Guanyuan (CV 4), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Yinlingquan (SP 9); 2) Shenshu (BL 23), Pangguangshu (BL 28), Ciliao (BL 32) and Weiyang (BL 39).

RESULTS:

30 cases were cured, 4 cases improved and 2 cases failed, with a curative rate of 83.33% and a total effective rate of 94.44%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Acupuncture is affirmatively effective in treating urinary retention.

PMID:

18652110

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Progress in researches on the specificity of acupoints].

[Article in Chinese]

Jin BX, Lai XS, Tang CZ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18630592

 

Source

Collegeof Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510405, China. jinbingxu80@163.com

Abstract

In the present paper, the authors introduce the development of researches on the specificity of acupoints in morphological structure (nerves, blood vessels, musculotendons, connective tissues, etc), biophysical characteristics (electricity, sonics, photology, thermology, electromagnetism), pathological response, and effectiveness. However, the aforementioned researches are basically at the stage of phenomenon-observation, some key factors influencing acupoint specificity and the underlying mechanisms have no definite or lack convincing results. Further studies should aim at those acupoints for some effective diseases (or symptoms) of acupuncture by using multiple modern scientific techniques. Some key scientific issues about the biophysical characteristics, pathological responses, efficacy, and combination regularity of acupoints should be solved reasonably. Moreover, theoretical models about acupoint specificity should be established for developing the theory of acupoint learning.

PMID:

18630592

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effects of electroacupuncture on synovia free radicals in rabbits with knee osteoarthritis].

[Article in Chinese]

Huang J, Zhuo LS, Wang YY, Feng WQ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18630588

 

Source

College of Chinese Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400050, China. hjian120899@sina.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of electroacupuncture( EA) on synovia superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) contents in rabbits with knee osteoarthritis (KOA).

METHODS:

A total of 40 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control, model, massage and EA groups, with 10 cases in each. KOA model was established by gypusum fixing method. EA (1.6-2 Hz, 1-2 mA) was applied to left "Yanglingquan" (GB 34), "Xuehai" (SP 10), "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Liangqiu" (ST 34) for 25 min, once daily for 21 days. For massage group, the affected knee joint was pressed, kneaded, stretched and rotated repeatedly for 15 min every time, followed by forced running about 100 m. The intra-joint synovia was collected (0.4-0.6 ml) for detecting contents of SOD with xanthine oxidase method, MDA with thiobarbituric acid method and NO with nitrate reductase method.

RESULTS:

Compared with control group, synovia SOD activity in model group decreased considerably (P<0.05), while MDA and NO contents increased significantly (P<0.05). After 3 weeks' treatment, compared with pre-treatment and model group, synovia SOD activity increased markedly (P<0.05), and MDA and NO contents lowered remarkably in both EA and massage groups (P<0.05). No significant differences were found between EA and massage groups in these 3 indexes (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Both EA and massage can raise synovia SOD activity and lower MDA and NO content, which may contribute to their effect in relieving knee osteoarthritis in the rabbit.

PMID:

18630588

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effects of electroacupuncture on plasma and cerebral somatostatin and beta-EP contents and learning-memory ability in vascular dementia rats].

[Article in Chinese]

Shao Y, Lai XS, Gong YZ, Yan B, He LL, Luo R, Tang CZ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18630584

 

Source

Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510405, China. jenna.s.y@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on learning-memory ability of vascular dementia (VD) rats, and the simultaneous changes of plasma and cerebral somatostatin (SS) and beta-endorphin (EP) contents.

METHODS:

Forty-one SD rats were randomly divided into control (n=8), model A (n=8, no treatment) and B (n=8, intragastric perfusion of 15% saline), EA (n=9) and medication (n=8, intragastric perfusion of Nimoldipine, 12 mg/kg) groups. VD model was established by using modified 4-vessels occlusion method. EA (150 Hz, 1-2 mA) was applied to "Baihui" (GV 20), "Dazhui" (DU 14), "Pishu" (BL 20) and "Shenshu" (BL 23) for 20 min, once daily for 15 days. Morris water maze tests were conducted for evaluating the rats' learning-memory ability. The contents of SS and beta-EP in plasma and brain tissue were measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA).

RESULTS:

In comparison with sham-operation group, the escape latency (EL) prolonged significantly and the target-platform crossing times decreased remarkably (P<0.01) in model group B. In comparison with model group B, EL shortened and target-platform crossing times increased both significantly in EA and medication groups (P<0.01). Plasma and cerebral SS, and cerebral beta-EP contents of model groups A and B were significantly lower than those of sham-operation group(P<0.01), while plasma beta-EP level had no obvious change (P>0.05). Plasma and cerebral SS, and cerebral beta-EP contents in both EA and medication groups were considerably higher than those in model groups A and B (P<0.01). No significant differences were found between EA and medication groups in EL, target-platform crossing times, plasma and cerebral SS and beta-EP levels, and between model group A and model group B in plasma and cerebral SS and beta-EP levels (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

EA can raise plasma and cerebral SS and cerebral beta-EP levels, and improve the learning-memory ability in VD rats.

PMID:

18630584

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effect of acupuncture combined with massage of sole on sleeping quality of the patient with insomnia].

[Article in Chinese]

Zhong ZG, Cai H, Li XL, Lü D.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18630537

 

Source

Department of TCM, Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical College, Zhanjiang 524001, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess effect of acupuncture combined with massage of sole on sleeping quality of the patient with insomnia.

METHODS:

Fifty-eight cases of insomnia were randomly divided into an observation group (n = 32) and a control group (n = 26). The observation group were treated with oral administration of Alprazolam, massage of sole, and acupuncture at Zhongwan (CV 12), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), etc. on the abdomen as main points; the control group were treated with Alprazolam. Clinical therapeutic effects, and scores for Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) were assessed before and after treatment in the two groups.

RESULTS:

The effective rate was 93.75 in the observation group and 88.46% in the control group with no significant difference between the two groups; after treatment, there were significant or very significant differences in scores for various factors in the PSQI, SAS and SDS (P < 0.01, P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Abdominal acupuncture as main combined with massage of sole can obviously improve sleeping quality of the patient with insomnia.

PMID:

18630537

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Approach to increasing therapeutic effect of moxibustion].

[Article in Chinese]

Gao XY, Ao XJ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18481721

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Henan College of TCM, Zhengzhou 450003, China. gaoxiyan@peoplemail.com.cn

Abstract

The authors sum up some methods for increasing therapeutic effect of moxibustion through long-term and a great number of investigations. For moxibustion, proper moxibustion methods should be selected for different patient's condition, and points are selected fewer but better, accurately find response position and use enough moxibustion amount, making the patient produce comfortable moxibustion sensation. Put forward the concept of deqi and the method for point-through-point moxibustion, i. e., judge moxibustion amount, moxibustion time and therapeutic results according to skin response of the patient after moxibustion, and even flush and sweating on local skin after moxibustion are used for standard of point-through-point moxibustion. The present article specially indicates that moxibustion-box moxibustion is of advantages of convenient manipulation, easily control of temperature and high safety, and can be widely applied clinically.

PMID:

18481721

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Observation on therapeutic effect of three needling method on piriformis injury syndrome].

[Article in Chinese]

Yang JX, Zhu XY.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18447222

 

Source

Affiliated Hospital of Tongren College of Professional Technique, Guizhou, China. yangjunxiong_250@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To search for an effective needling method for treatment of piriformis injury syndrome.

METHODS:

Eighty-two cases were randomly divided into a three needling group and a routine needling group, 41 cases in each group. The three needling group were treated by acupuncture at Huantiao (GB 30), Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Shenmai (BL 62), with needling shallow, middle and deep layers for Huantiao, Yanglingquan, and after acupuncture massage was given at the Foot-Taiyang Channel and the Foot-Shaoyang Channel on lumbosacral region and the affected foot. The routine needling group were treated by routine needling at Huantiao (GB 30), Juliao (GB 29), Chengfu (BL 36), Yanglingquan (GB 34), massage was given also. Their therapeutic effects were compared.

RESULTS:

The cured rate was 87.8% in the three needling group and 63.4% in the routine needling group, with a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The therapeutic effect of three needling method on piriformis injury syndrome is better than that of routine needling.

PMID:

18447222

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Electroacupuncture for treatment of simple obesity complicated with fatty liver].

[Article in Chinese]

Jiao L, Chi ZH.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18447216

 

Source

Section of Acupuncture and Massage, Tai'an City Central Hospital, Shandong, China. baby0811jl@126.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe clinical therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on simple obesity complicated with fatty liver.

METHODS:

Thirty cases of such disease were treated with EA at Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Qimen (LR 14), Daimai (GB 26), Yanglingquan (GB 34), etc.. After treatment of 3 months, the therapeutic effect and changes of B-ultrasonography of liver, body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), fat degree, visceral fatty (VFT) content in the cross region, subcutaneous fat (FAT), waist/hip ratio (WHR) were investigated.

RESULTS:

After treatment, the total effective rate for slimming was 80.0% and the total effective rate for fatty liver was 80.0%, and body weight, BMI, fat degree, VFA, FAT and WHR significantly decreased (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Electroacupuncture has good slimming action and it is one of effective methods for fatty liver.

PMID:

18447216

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

[Controlled study on needle-pricking therapy combined with spinal massage for treatment of ankylosing spondylitis].

[Article in Chinese]

Chen D, Luo LP, Hong YB, Chen DD, Cai MX, Guo FL.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18447211

 

Source

Department of New Medicine and Needle Pricking, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510630, China. drchendong@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the therapeutic effect of needle-pricking therapy combined with spinal massage on ankylosing spondylitis and to probe into the mechanism.

METHODS:

Ninety-three cases who were definitely diagnosed as having ankylosing spondylitis at active stage were randomly divided into a medication group (n=46) and an observation group (n=47). The observation group were treated by needle-pricking the main points, Neck No. 2 nerve, Neck No. 5 nerve point, etc., combined with spinal rotation massage, and the medication group were treated with Azulfidine. Changes of cumulative score of arthralgia and arthroncus, function of joint, Keitel test, and ESR and CRP before and after treatment were observed.

RESULTS:

The effective rate and the markedly effective rate were 95.8%0 and 68.1% in the observation group and 78.3% and 23.9% in the medication group, respectively, the former being significantly better than the latter (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Needle-pricking therapy combined with spinal massage has a significant therapeutic effect with a steady and long-term effect for treatment of ankylosing spondylitis at active stage.

PMID:

18447211

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Insomnia due to deficiency of both the heart and spleen treated by acupuncture-moxibustion and Chinese tuina.

Lu M, Liu X.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18416075

 

Source

Changchun College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Changchun, Jilin 130117, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe therapeutic effects of the comprehensive therapy of acupuncture-moxibustion and Chinese Tuina for treatment of insomnia due to deficiency of both the heart and spleen.

METHODS:

92 cases were divided randomly into the treatment group (treated by acupuncture-moxibustion and Chinese Tuina) and the control group (treated by acupuncture-moxibustion).

RESULTS:

The therapeutic effect of the treatment group was obviously superior to that of the control group (the CHI2 test showed P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

The comprehensive therapy of acupuncture-moxibustion and Chinese Tuina can give marked therapeutic effects for treatment of insomnia due to deficiency of both the heart and spleen.

PMID:

18416075

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Acupuncture combined with spinal tui na for treatment of primary dysmenorrhea in 30 cases.

Guo A, Meng Q.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18416074

 

Source

The Second Clinical Medical College, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the therapeutic effects in acupunture treatment of primary dysmenorrhea combined with spinal Tui Na, and study its mechanism.

METHODS:

Thirty cases of the treatment group were treated by acupuncture combined with spinal Tui Na, and thirty cases in the control group were treated by routine acupuncture.

RESULTS:

The total effective rate was 93.3% in the treatment group, and 73.3% in the control group, with a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Acupuncture combined with spinal Tui Na has good prospects for treatment of primary dysmenorrhea.

PMID:

18416074

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[A study on differences of curative effects of acupuncture and nCPAP for treatment of OSAHS].

[Article in Chinese]

Bo C, Zhang XS, Huang H, Jia Y, Xie XM.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18405146

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Guiyang College of TCM, Guizhou 550002, China. chenbomed@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare curative effects of acupuncture and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) on obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS), and to explore the characteristics and advantages of acupuncture in treatment of this disease.

METHODS:

Sixty-six cases of OSAHS were randomly divided into an acupuncture group (n = 44) treated by acupuncture at Lianquan (CV 23) and Tianrong (SI 17) etc., and a nCPAP group (n = 22) treated by nCPAP. Indexes of respiration, blood oxygen and sleep were monitored before, during and after treatment.

RESULTS:

Compared with those before treatment, no significant differences of these indexes were found in the acupuncture group during treatment (P > 0.05), but hypopnea index (HI), apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), the maximal apnea duration, the maximal hypopnea duration, sleep time spent when SaO2 was below 90% (SaO2 < 90%T) and the microarousal index improved significantly at the end of treatment (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01); while all the indexes improved significantly in the nCPAP group during treatment (P < 0. 01), but the therapeutic effect was not maintained at the end of treatment with no significant difference as compared with those before treatment. The therapeutic effect in the nCPAP group was better than that in the acupuncture group during the treatment (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), but no significant difference of the therapeutic effect was found between the two groups at the end of treatment (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The therapeutic effect of nCPAP on OSAHS produces during treatment and the therapeutic effect of acupuncture produces after treatment, indicating they possibly have different mechanisms.

PMID:

18405146

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[The pathological neural plasticity and its application in acupuncture research].

[Article in Chinese]

Zhao HY, Mu P, Dong Y.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18386644

 

Source

Northwest Agriculture and Forest University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.

Abstract

The central nervous system (CNS) is involved in a variety of disease conditions. Some seeming peripheral diseases, like chronic pain and disorders in major organs, indeed have clear pathological basis in the CNS. On the other hand, some clinically-beneficial peripheral stimulation, such as acupuncture and massage, exerts significant influence on central neurons. This review attempts to summary recent findings in neuroscience about how pathological insults long-term plastic changes within neural circuits, leading to maladaptive behaviors. This neuroplasticity-based theory not only conceptualizes a cellular mechanism for a plethora of neuropathophysiology but also provides clinical strategies for treating neural diseases. Drug addiction is a chronic brain disease, defined as compulsive drug-seeking, drug-craving, and drug-taking behaviors. Extensive experimental evidence suggests that following exposure to drugs of abuse, neurons within the mesolimbic dopamine system undergo a series of plastic changes that may lead to compulsive emotional and motivational states. It is believed that the first step to unlock the secret of drug addiction is to identify, evaluate, and conceptualize drug-induced neural plasticity. Synaptic plasticity is one form of neuroplasticity that has been best characterized. Using addiction-related synaptic plasticity as a working model, this review attempts to depict the general concept and experimental approach in studying the pathophysiological neural basis of acupuncture.

PMID:

18386644

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Electroacupuncture warming therapy combined with western medicine for treatment of myasthenia gravis and effect on IL-4 level in the patients].

[Article in Chinese]

Wang SH, Cui X, Feng J.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18271233

 

Source

Section of Rehabilitation, Acupuncture & Massage, Futian District TCM Hospital of Shenzhen, Guangdong 518034, China. zhizi1998@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) warming therapy on myasthenia gravis (MG) and effect on IL-4 in the patient.

METHODS:

Sixty patients with MG were randomly divided into two groups, 30 patients in each group. The observation group were treated with EA warming therapy with Tanzhong (CV 17), Shimen (CV 5), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongwan (CV 12), Yanglingquan (GB 34) selected as main points, and oral administration of Pyridostigmine (90 - 240 mg each day) and Prednisone (30 - 60 mg each day). The control group were treated with oral administration of Pyridostigmine (240-480 mg each day) and Prednisone (60-100 mg each day). Clinical therapeutic effects and serum Interleukin-4 (IL-4) levels before and after treatment were observed.

RESULTS:

The total effective rate was 93.3% in the observation group, which was better than 70.0% in the control group (P < 0.01); after treatment, the serum IL-4 levels in the two groups significantly decreased (P < 0.01), the decrease of IL-4 in the observation group being significantly better than the control group (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

EA warming therapy combined with western medicine has a significant therapeutic effect on myasthenia gravis. One of the mechanisms possibly is to restrain specific immune reaction by regulating the level of IL-4.

PMID:

18271233

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[A cerebral functional definition on the specificity of acupoints, needling sensation and association of acupoints based on the "acupoints-brain relation hypothesis?].

[Article in Chinese]

Lai XS, Huang Y.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18257359

 

Source

College of Acupuncture & Massage , Guangzhou University of TCM, Guangdong 510407, China. lai1023@163.com

Abstract

"Acupoints-brain relation hypothesis" is put forward according to the combination of cerebral functional imaging techniques, positron emission tomography (PET), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and the studies of the essence of acupoints. Analysis based on the living state of human being, the cerebral function and the objective images and data will result in: (1) a model of cerebral functional imaging for the definition of acupoints, any points that coincide the basic factors of the model can be definited as an acupoint; (2) a model of cerebral functional imaging for needling sensation, any cerebral functional changes caused by needling coincide the basic factors of the model can be definited as needling sensation; (3) a study on characteristics and regular patterns of association of the acupoints selected along channels.

PMID:

18257359

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Effect of Jin-3-needling therapy on plasma corticosteroid, adrenocorticotrophic hormone and platelet 5-HT levels in patients with generalized anxiety disorder.

Yuan Q, Li JN, Liu B, Wu ZF, Jin R.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18180890

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Guangzhou Traditional Chinese Medical University, Guangzhou, 510405, China. yuanqing1005@126.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the therapeutic efficacy of Jin-3-needling therapy (J3N) on generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) through clinical global impression scale (CGI), and to explore the mechanism by measuring the plasma levels of corticosteroid (CS), adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), and platelet 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) before and after treatment.

METHODS:

Eighty-six GAD patients with the diagnosis agreeing with the inclusion criteria were assigned, according to the sequence of visiting time, to three groups. The 29 patients in the Western medicine group were treated mainly with fluoxetine or paroxetine, Alprazolam might be given additionally in severe conditions if necessary; the 29 patients in the needling group received J3N therapy with Sishenzhen, Dingshenzhen, Neiguan (PC6), Shenmen (HT7) and Sanyinjiao (SP6) as the chief acupoints selected; and the 28 patients in the combined treatment group were treated with both drugs and needling in the same way as applied in the above two groups. The therapeutic course for all was 6 weeks. Conditions of patients were evaluated before and after treatment with CGI, and levels of CS, ACTH as well as 5-HT were measured by high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemistry.

RESULTS:

By CGI scoring, the scores of severity index and the general index were not different significantly in the three groups, but the efficacy index proved to be the highest in the needling group, the second in the combined trentment group, and the lowest in the drug group. Plasma level of ACTH and platelet content of 5-HT were lowered in all the three groups after treatment, showing statistical significance (P<0.05), but no significant change was found in CS level (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The therapeutic efficacy of J3N in treating GAD is equivalent to, but with the efficacy index significantly higher than, that of conventional treatment. Moreover, when combined with drugs, needling might effectively prevent the side effect of the routinely used Western drugs. The regulatory action of needling on platelet 5-HT and plasma ACTH is probably one of the acting pathways for J3N treatment on GAD.

PMID:

18180890

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

[Observation on therapeutic effect of acupuncture at point "Xiajiquan" on muscular strength of finger after apoplexy].

[Article in Chinese]

Hu ML, Zhang KX, Zhang RP.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18085143

 

Source

Department of Acup-Moxibustion and Massage, Gansu College of TCM, Lanzhou 730000, China. humeilin2008@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To approach to the best therapy for recovery of fingers function after apoplexy. METHODS; One hundred and twenty-three cases were randomly divided into an observation group of 63 cases and a control group of 60 cases. The control group were treated by acupuncture at Quchi (LI 11), Shousanli ( LI 10), Waiguan (TE 5), etc., and the observation group by acupuncture at point "Xiajiquan" besides the acupoints for the control group. After treatment of 10 sessions, the therapeutic effects were assessed.

RESULTS:

The cured and markedly effective rate was 74.6% in the observation group and 40.0% in the control group, the observation group being significantly better than the control group (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Point "Xiajiquan" has a better therapeutic effect on derivation of finger muscular strength.

PMID:

18085143

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effects of pricking bleeding at "Weizhong" (BL40) on sciatic nerve conduction velocity and interleukin-1alpha content in the lumbar vertebral nucleus pulposus in experimental lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion rabbits].

[Article in Chinese]

Chang XR, Feng YS, Yi SX, Zeng XB, Lin YP.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18050623

 

Source

College of Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, 410007, China. xrchang1956@sina.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of "Weizhong" (BL40) bleeding on sciatic nerve conduction velocity (SNCV) and interleukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha) content of the lumbar vertebral nucleus pulposus tissue in experimental lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion (LIDP) rabbits so as to explore the underlying mechanism of blood letting in the treatment of LIDP.

METHODS:

Forty healthy New Zealand rabbits were randomly assigned to control, model, BL40 and non-point (1 cm medial to BL40) groups, with 10 cases in each group. LIDP model was established by pushing the intervertebral disc tissue rightward to protrude the posterior longitudinal ligament with a self-made instrument after exposing the L6-7 vertebrae and intervertebral space. Blood-letting was performed at "Weizhong" (BL40) and non-point by using a triangle-edged needle to prick the local tissue, once daily and continuously for 7 days. SNCV was detected by using BL-410 physiological signal recording system, and the content of IL-1alpha in L6-7 intervertebral disc tissue determined with enzyme linked immunsorbent assay (ELISA).

RESULTS:

In comparison with control group and pre-modeling, SNCV decreased significantly in model, BL40 and non-acupoint groups after LIDP; while compared with model group, values of SNCV in BL40 group increased considerably (P<0.05), no significant changes were found between non-acupoint group and model group (P>0.05). Compared with control group, the contents of IL-1alpha in the nucleus pulposus in model and non-acupoint groups increased remarkably (P<0.05, 0.01), but no significant difference was found between control and BL40 groups in IL-1alpha level (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Blood-letting at "Weizhong" (BL40) can relieve LIDP-induced nerve injury and mechanical oppression to improve SNCV, which may be closely related to its effect in decreasing inflammatory factor IL-1alpha level.

PMID:

18050623

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effect of electroacupuncture of "Neiguan" (PC 6) on Na+-K+-ATPase activity and its gene expression in cardiocyte membrane in rats with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury].

[Article in Chinese]

Yan J, Yang XF, Yi SX, Chang XR, Lin YP, Wang C, Diao LH.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18050619

 

Source

College of Acu-moxibustion and Massage, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha 410007, China. yj5381159@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) of "Neiguan" and other acupoints on Na+ -K+ -ATPase activity and its gene expression in ischemic myocrardial cell membrane in rats.

METHODS:

A total of 50 Wistar rats were randomly divided into pseudo-operation (control), model, Neiguan (PC6), Shenmen (HT7) and Hegu (LI4) groups, with 10 rats in each group. Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) model was duplicated by occlusion of the descending anterior branch of the left coronary artery and reperfusion. EA (30/100 Hz, 2-4 mA) was applied to the above-mentioned acupoints for 20 min respectively. Na+ -K+ -ATPase activity was determined by inorganic phosphorus colorimetry, and Na+ -K+ -ATPase gene expression was detected using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique.

RESULTS:

Compared with control group, the activity of Na+ -K+ -ATPase in model, PC6, HT7 and LI4 groups decreased significantly after myocardial I/R (P<0.05, 0.01); while in comparison with model, the activity of Na+ -K+ -ATPase in PC6 group increased considerably (P<0.01). Regarding the expression of Na+ -K+ -ATPase mRNA, compared with control group, it was down-regulated significantly in model, HT7 and LI4 groups (P<0.01); while in PC6 group, Na+ -K+ -ATPase mRNA expression was up-regulated markedly compared with model group (P<0.05); The activity of Na+ -K+ -ATPase and the expression of Na+ -K+ -ATPase mRNA in HT7 and LI4 groups were significantly lower than those in PC6 group (P<0.01, 0.05). No significant differences were found between HT7 and LI4 groups in the activity of Na+ -K+ -ATPase and the expression of Na+ -K+ -ATPase mRNA (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

EA of "Neiguan" (PC6) may potentiate the activity of Na+ -K+ -ATPase and up-regulate Na+ -K+ -ATPase mRNA expression, which may contribute to its protective effect on ischemic cardiocytes.

PMID:

18050619

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effects of acupuncture at "Sishencong" (EX-HN 1) on physiological functions in the sleep disorder model mouse].

[Article in Chinese]

Gao XY, Ma QL, Hu B.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17926623

 

Source

School of Acupuncture & Massage, Henan College of TCM, Zhengzhou 450008, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To probe into the effect of acupuncture at "Sishencong" (EX-HN 1) on sleep and the mechanism.

METHODS:

Forty-eight white mice were randomly divided into a Sishencong group, a Zusanli group, a model group and a blank control group, 12 mice in each group. In the mice of the first 3 groups, sleep rhythm disorders was induced by repeatedly regular intraperitoneal injection of small dose of Caffeine, and the mice of the first two groups were treated by acupuncture at "Sishencong" (EX-HN 1) and "Zusanli" (ST 36), respectively. Living state and, circadian activities were observed, and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity and nitric oxide(NO) content in the brain were detected.

RESULTS:

Acupuncture at "Sishencong" (EX-HN 1) or "Zusanli" (ST 36) could significantly increase NOS activity and NO content in the brain, with acupuncture at "Sishencong" (EX-HN 1) being significantly better than acupuncture at "Zusanli" (ST 36) (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture at Sishencong (EX-HN 1) treats insomnia and regulates sleep and many mental and nervous symptoms, which are carried out partially through increasing NOS activity and NO content, promoting normal function of brain tissues.

PMID:

17926623

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2007 Sep;27(9):657-9.

[Observation on the transient analgesic effect of abdominal acupuncture TENS on pain of neck, shoulder, loin and legs].

[Article in Chinese]

Wang ZL, Chen LF, Zhu WM.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17926616

 

Source

Hospital of Acupuncture & Massage Affiliated to Zhejiang TCM University, Hangzhou 310009, China. billclq@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe on the transient analgesic effect of abdominal points transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) combined with abdominal acupuncture according to the holographic theory on pain of neck, shoulder, loin and legs.

METHODS:

One hundred and twenty cases of pain of neck, shoulder, loin and legs were randomly divided into 4 groups: abdominal acupuncture TENS group, acupoints TENS group, electroacupuneture (EA) group, non-abdominal acupuncture TENS group, 30 cases in each group. All the cases were treated by the same stimulation parameters, but different stimulation points. The VAS scores were recorded before and after treatment.

RESULTS:

The VAS scores were significantly different before and after treatment in abdominal acupuncture TENS group (P < 0.01); the total effective rate of the transient analgesic effec t was 96.7% in the abdominal acupuncture TENS group, 93.3% in the acupoints TENS group, 96.7% in the EA group with no significant difference among the 3 groups, but with a very significant difference between the abdominal acupuncture TENS group and the non-abdominal acupunctureTENS group (10.0%), P < 0.01.

CONCLUSION:

Abdominal acupuncture TENS has a better transient analgesic effect and can use less stimulation points to increase the analgesic effect.

PMID:

17926616

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

 

[Effects of electroacupuncture of different frequencies on slimming effect in the rat of experimental obesity].

[Article in Chinese]

Ge JJ, Wang SJ, Sun LH, Li Q, Xiao HL.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17853760

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture & Massage, College of TCM, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050091, China. gejj520907@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the slimming effects of electroacupuncture of different frequencies.

METHODS:

The rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, an acupuncture group I (30 Hz), and an acupuncture group II (100 Hz). Acupoints selected were "Housanli" (ST 36), "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6), "Guanyuan" (CV 4), "Zhongwan" (CV 12). The changes of Lee's index, fat weight around the left kidney and the volume of the fat cell, blood lipids, insulin and leptin before and after treatment were compared.

RESULTS:

Compared with the model group, Lee's index, fat weight around the left kidney and the volume of the fat cell, blood lipids significantly changed in the two acupuncture groups (P<0.01), with the acupuncture group II being more change than that of the acupuncture group I (P<0.05); and compared with the model group, the leptin level decreased in the two acupuncture group (P<0.01) and the serum insulin level decreased (P<0.05) , with no significant difference between the acupuncture group I and the acupuncture group II (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Electroacupuncture of different frequencies has different effects on fat metabolism in fat rats, and electroacupuncture of 100 Hz has a better effect than 30 Hz on obesity.

PMID:

17853760

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Study on the morphological evidence of five-shu-point].

[Article in Chinese]

Niu WM, Liu ZB.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17853757

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture & Massage, Shaanxi College of TCM, Xianyang 712083, China. niuwenmin6@sina.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To search for the morphological evidence of five-shu-point so as to explain the theory of the five-shu-point more reasonably.

METHODS:

Carefully study on Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic and compare with the modern anatomic knowledge.

CONCLUSION:

The theory of five-shu-point is closely related with the theory of blood vessels. The distributional pattern of the superficial vein on the remote parts of the limbs (below the elbow or the knee joints) is the morphological basis for the theory of five-shu-point.

PMID:

17853757

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effects of acupuncture on serum insulin antibody and tumor necrosis factor alpha in the experimental rat with insulin resistance].

[Article in Chinese]

Yi W, Xu NG, Sun J, Jia Z.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17722835

 

Source

College of Acupuncture & Massage, Guangzhou University of TCM, Guangdong 510405, China. yw8013@tom.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe effects of acupuncture and diet on insulin resistance (IR) and to probe the mechanism.

METHODS:

Forty SID rats were equally divided into 5 groups: blank group (group I), model group I (group II), model group II (group III), acupuncture group I (group IV) and acupuncture group II (group V). The groups II, III, N and V were fed with high-fat-sugar-salt forage to made IR model, then the groups I, III and V were fed with normal forage, and the groups II and IV with the high-fat-sugar-salt forage, and the acupuncture groups IV and V received acupuncture treatment. Two weeks later, the fasting blood glucose (FBG), plasma insulin (INS), insulin sensitivity index (ISI), INS antibody and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) were detected.

RESULTS:

As compared with group I, FBG and INS increased, ISI decreased in the group II (all P < 0.01); as compared with the group II , FBG and INS decreased (all P < 0.01) and ISI increased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) in the group [II, IV, V; no case with INS antibody (+) in all groups; TNF-alpha in the group II increased compared with that of the group I (P < 0.01), and TNF-alpha in the group III, IV, V decreased compared with that of group II (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture exerts a reversal effect on insulin resistance, and diet can promotes this effect. The mechanism is carried out possibly through decreasing the secretion of TNF-alpha.

PMID:

17722835

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

 

 

The clustered needling, massage and cupping used for treatment of obstinate myofascitis of the back--a report of 68 cases.

Chen S.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17710806

 

Source

Shandong Sports College, Jinan, Shandong 250063, China.

Abstract

The clustered needling, massage and cupping have been used together for treatment of myofascitis of the back with good therapeutic results through the joint effects of removing blood stasis, promoting blood circulation, dredging the channels, promoting themetabolism and the repair of the tissues, impairing and relaxing the affected muscles.

PMID:

17710806

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

 

[Some problems in the literature of acupuncture treatment of peripheral facial paralysis and suggestions].

[Article in Chinese]

Wang SQ, Bai YP, Dong YX.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17663115

 

Source

Department of TCM, Acupuncture, Massage & Physiotherapy, First Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050031, China. wangshengqiang57@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To raise some problems in the literature of acupuncture and moxibustion for treatment of peripheral facial paralysis and improving suggestions.

METHODS:

The CHKD system was used to search out 817 papers of acupuncture for treatment of peripheral facial paralysist, which were reviewed, organized and summarized.

RESULTS:

In the literature of acupuncture for treatment of peripheral facial paralysis, insufficient understanding in the relative information of clinical data, naming of intractable facial paralysis, differentiation between of the sequelae and complications, the criteria or cproblems in the literature and so on were found.

CONCLUSION:

There are some common and representative problems in these papers of acupuncture for treatment of peripheral facial paralysis, which may result in incorrect opinion about the theory and clinical study of acupuncture for treatment of peripheral facial paralysis. Sufficiently considering and resolving the above problems can not only improve the quality of the papers on acupuncture for treatment of peripheral facial paralysis as a whole, but also have active influence on both treatment and diagnosis of this disease.

PMID:

17663115

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Clinical observation on pricking and blood-letting and cupping with a three-edge needle for treatment of acute eczema].

[Article in Chinese]

Yao J, Li NF.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17663106

 

Source

Center of Acup-Moxibustion and Massage, Beijing Hospital of Integrated TCM and WM, Beijing 100039, China. jbyj2007@sina.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To search for an effective therapy for acute eczema.

METHODS:

Eighty-eight cases were divided into a treatment group and a control group. The treatment group (n=46) were treated with pricking the affected parts with three-edge needle and blood-letting puncturing and cupping at back-shu points with three-edge needle, and the control group (n=42) with oral administration of Clarityne and external application of Pairuisong Ointment.

RESULTS:

The total effective rate and the cured and markedly effective rate were 100.0% and 89.1% in the treatment group and 88.1% and 42.9% in the control group with no significant difference in the total effective rate (P > 0.05) and with a very significant difference in the cured and markedly effective rate between the two groups (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Pricking and blood-letting and cupping with a three-edge needle has a definite therapeutic effect on acute eczema, which is better than that of the western medicine.

PMID:

17663106

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

[Effects of electroacupuncture on synovia IL-1beta and TNF-alpha contents in the rabbit with knee osteoarthritis].

[Article in Chinese]

Huang J, Zhuo LS, Wang YY, Peng ZL, Huang YR, Wang Y, Yang L.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17650656

 

Source

College of Chinese Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400050, China. hjian120899@sina.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on synovia IL-1beta and TNF-alpha contents in rabbits with knee osteoarthritis (KOA).

METHODS:

A total of 40 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control, model, massage and EA groups. KOA model was established by gypsum fixing method. EA (2 Hz, 1-3 mA) was applied to left "Xiyan" (EX-LE 5), "Yanglingquan" (GB 34), "Xuehai" (SP 10), "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Liangqiu" (ST 34) for 30 min, once daily and continuously for 21 days. For massage group, the affected knee joint was pressed, kneaded, stretched and rotated repeatedly for 15 min every time, followed by forced running about 100 m. The intra-joint synovia was collected (0.4-0.6 mL) for detecting the contents of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha with radioimmunoassay.

RESULTS:

No IL-1beta and TNF-alpha were detected in the synovia in control group, while in the other 3 groups, synovia IL-1beta and TNF-alpha levels increased significantly. Before treatment, no significant differences were found among model, EA and massage groups in the levels of IL-1beta and TNF-alpha (P > 0.05), while after the treatment the two indexes both decreased considerably (P < 0.05). Compared with model group, the two indexes were remarkably lower (P < 0.05), but no significant differences were found between EA and massage groups in synovia IL-1beta and TNF-alpha contents (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Both EA and massage can effectively suppress the release of synovia IL-1beta and TNF-alpha in KOA of rabbits, which may contribute to the effect of acupuncture in the treatment of osteoarthritis.

PMID:

17650656

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Effects of moxibustion on erectile function and NO-cGMP pathway in diabetic rats with erectile dysfunction].

[Article in Chinese]

Yang YK, Rong HB, Chen HP, Tang Y.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17645258

 

Source

College of Acupunctutre & Massage, Chengdu University of TCM, Sichuan 610075, China. zyyyk2005@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the effect and the mechanism of moxibustion for treatment of diabetic erectile dysfunction (ED).

METHODS:

Diabetes mellitus (DM) rat model was induced by streptozotozin (STZ) and then penis erectile experiment of apomorphine (APO) was used to select diabetic ED rats model, which were divided into 2 groups: a model group and a moxibustion group, with another normal control group set up. The moxibustion group were treated with moxibustion at "Shenshu" (BL 23) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6) with small moxa cone about the size of a wheat grain. The effects on penis erectile, blood sugar and total NOS, cNOS, iNOS, and cGMP were investigated.

RESULTS:

Moxibustion had a certain improving action on blood sugar, improved significantly erectile function, and more significantly increased NOS, cNOS, iNOS activities and cGMP contents in the penis.

CONCLUSION:

Moxibustion has a certain action on the erectile function in the diabetic ED rats, which is related with improvement of blood sugar and promoting NO-cGMP pathway.

PMID:

17645258

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Study on effects of acupuncture combined with medication on reproductive endocrines in the patient of PADAM].

[Article in Chinese]

Zheng XF, Li P.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17645253

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture & Massage, Fujian College of TCM, Fuzhou 350003, China. drzxf01@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe effects of acupuncture combined with medication on reproductive endocrines in the patient of partial androgen deficiency of aging men (PADAM).

METHODS:

Sixty cases conforming to diagnostic criteria of PADAM were randomly divided into 3 groups, an observation group treated by acupuncture combined with medication, a control group I by simple acupuncture and a control group II by oral administration of Bushen Capsules, 20 cases in each group. Serum levels of testosterone (T), luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) before and after treatment were determined with radioimmunoassay.

RESULTS:

After treatment, the serum levels of T in the 3 groups increased significantly, with more significantly increased in the observation group (P < 0.01); after treatment, the serum levels of LH in both the observation group and the control group I decreased significantly (P < 0.05), but in the control group II did not significantly change (P > 0.05); after treatment, FSH content in the observation group significantly increased (P < 0.05), but in the control group I and the control group II did not significantly change (P > 0.05); after treatment, the symptoms and signs in the 3 groups significantly improved and PADAM indexes decreased significantly (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Acupuncture combined with medication has a better therapeutic effect on PADAM, and it can regulate secretion of hormones in the hypothalamus-pituitary-testicle axis and can increase blood T level, improve physical ability, vascular function, sexual function and quality of life in the patient of PADAM.

PMID:

17645253

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[On reinforcing-reducing of acupuncture and moxibustion in modern times].

[Article in Chinese]

Yuan Q, Yu J, Jin R.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17585681

 

Source

College of Acupuncture & Massage, Guangzhou University of TCM, Guangdong, China. yuanqing1005@126.com

Abstract

Systematize the expound of professor in , a famous scientist of acupuncture and moxibustion, about characteristics of reinforcing-reducing manipulations of acupuncture in modern times. Ancient reinforcing-reducing manipulations of acupuncture stress the cold-hot results under the needle, but for modern manipulations of acupuncture, the stimulating amount is important due to the influence of neurological theories, with soreness, numbness, distension and pain and other nervous response as standard. Professor Jin holds that ancient manipulation is responses of different layers of the body, and the action is in the deep layer,but the modern manipulation is in the superficial layer of the Jing-jin system, alternate application of the both manipulations can increase the therapeutic effect. However, especial attention should be paid to that reinforcing-reducing manipulations of acupuncture is not equal to stimulating amount, and it also is closely related with stimulating period, technique, and other comprehensive factors. Ancient reinforcing-reducing manipulations of acupuncture, cold-heat under the needle is whole comprehensive response, and is deep layer of reinforcing-reducing manipulations of acupuncture, which needs deeply be studied.

PMID:

17585681

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Clinical observation on effect of acupuncture in treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy].

[Article in Chinese]

Zhao HL, Gao X, Gao YB.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17526168

 

Source

Acupuncture and Massage College of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing. dfyynfm@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the effect of acupuncture in treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).

METHODS:

Sixty patients with DPN were randomly assigned to the acupuncture treated group and the control group, 30 in each group. Besides basic treatment, patients were treated additionally with acupuncture and orally administration of Methycbal (Mecolbalamin) for 8 weeks respectively. Changes of symptoms, blood glucose, HbA1c, whole blood and plasma viscosity, the nerve conduction velocity (NCV) of sensory and motor nerves before and after treatment were observed.

RESULTS:

Acupuncture can ameliorate symptoms and signs of the nervous system, decrease whole blood and plasma viscosity, and improve the NCV of sensory and motor nerves in patients with DPN.

CONCLUSION:

The effect of acupuncture in treating DPN is definite.

PMID:

17526168

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Expressions of epidermal growth factor receptor signaling substances in gastric mucosal cells influenced by serum derived from rats treated with electroacupuncture at stomach meridian acupoints].

[Article in Chinese]

Yan J, Yang ZB, Chang XR, Yi SX, Lin YP, Zhong Y.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17498478

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Changsha, Hunan Province 410007, China. yj5381159@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the effects of serum derived from rats treated with electroacupuncture at stomach meridian acupoints on the expressions of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling substances phospholipase C gamma-1 (PLC gamma-1), protein kinase C (PKC) and c-myc in gastric mucosal cells.

METHODS:

Sixty rats were randomly divided into normal group, stomach meridian group, gallbladder meridian group, stomach meridian plus PD153035 group and gallbladder meridian plus PD153035 group. Water-immersion and restrained stress methods were adopted for inducing gastric mucosal injury in the rats. Gastric mucosal cells were separated by using pronase digestion method, and incubated by PD153035, a EGFR inhibitor, and 100 ml/L serum. The expression of PLC gamma-1 in the gastric mucosal cells was tested by enzyme linked-immunosorbent assay (ELISA), while the expression of PKC by isotope incorporate assay and the expression of c-myc by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay (RT-PCR).

RESULTS:

In gastric mucosal cells, weak expressions of PLC gamma-1, PKC and c-myc were seen in the normal group, and relatively strong expressions of PLC gamma-1, PKC and c-myc were seen in the stomach meridian group and the gallbladder meridian group, among which, the expressions of PLC gamma-1, PKC and c-myc in the stomach meridian group were the strongest, and there was a significant difference between the stomach meridian group and the gallbladder meridian group (P<0.01). Relative weak expressions of PLC gamma-1, PKC and c-myc were seen in the stomach meridian plus PD153035 group and the gallbladder meridian plus PD153035 group, and there was a significant difference between the stomach meridian group and the stomach meridian plus PD153035 group (P<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

The serum derived from the rats treated with electroacupuncture at stomach meridian acupoints can activate the EGFR singling pathway, and this provides an evidence for the theory of "relative particularity between meridians and viscera" in traditional Chinese medicine.

PMID:

17498478

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Free full text

 

 

Effect of acupuncture at Foot-Yangming Meridian on gastric mucosal blood flow, gastric motility and brain-gut peptide.

Lin YP, Yi SX, Yan J, Chang XR.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17465507

 

Source

The Institute of Acupuncture and Massage, Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Changsha 410007, Hunan Province, China. lyplinda@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

AIM:

To observe the effect of acupuncture at Foot-Yangming Meridian on gastric mucosal blood flow (GMBF), gastric motility and brain-gut peptide.

METHODS:

Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: normal control group, model group (group with gastric mucosal damage, GMD), Sibai group (with acupuncture at Sibai point + GMD), Tianshu group (with acupuncture at Tianshu point + GMD), Zusanli group (with acupuncture at Zusanli point + GMD) and non-acupoint group (with acupuncture at non-acupoint + GMD). The GMD model group was induced by infusing pure alcohol into gastric cavity. H(2) Gas Clearance Test (HGCT) was used to measure GMBF, the frequency and amplitude of gastric motility were measured by the method of aerocyst, the content of brain-gut peptide in sinus ventriculi and bulbus medullae were detected by radioimmunoassay.

RESULTS:

Inhibitory effect of the frequency and amplitude of gastric motility were shown in model group, and the rates of frequency and amplitude changes were remarkably different from the normal control group (-19.41 +/- 17.21 vs -4.71 +/- 10.32, P < 0.05; -51.61 +/- 29.02 vs 1.81 +/- 14.12, P < 0.01). In comparison with control group, the GMBF was 0.52 +/- 0.161 mL vs 1.03 +/- 0.255 mL per 100g tissue/min, P < 0.01, the content of motilin in sinus ventriculi and bulbus medullae was 63.04 +/- 7.77 pg/mL vs 72.91 +/- 8.42 pg/mL, P < 0.05 and 50.96 +/- 8.77 pg/mL vs 60.76 +/- 8.05 pg/mL, P < 0.05, but the content of somatostatin in sinus ventriculi and bulbus medullae was 179.85 +/- 43.13 ng/g vs 90.54 +/- 40.42 ng/g, P < 0.01 and 532.86 +/- 122.58 ng/g vs 370.91 +/- 76.29 ng/g, P < 0.05,respectively. In comparison with model group, the amplitude of gastric motility was 1.52 +/- 20.13, -6.52 +/- 23.31, 6.92 +/- 25.21 vs -51.61 +/- 29.02, P < 0.01 and GMBF was 0.694 +/- 0.160 mL vs 0.893 +/- 0.210 mL, 1.038 +/- 0.301 mL vs 0.52 +/- 0.161 mL per 100g tissue/min, P < 0.01, respectively in Tianshu, Sibai and Zusanli groups, the content of motilin in sinus ventriculi and bulbus medullae was 71.64 +/- 9.35 pg/mL vs 63.04 +/- 7.77 pg/mL, P < 0.05; 58.96 +/- 6.69 pg/mL vs 50.96 +/- 8.77 pg/mL, P < 0.05 in Zusanli group and 72.84 +/- 8.62 pg/mL vs 63.04 +/- 7.77 pg/mL, P < 0.05 in Sibai group, while the content of somatostatin in bulbus medullae in Tianshu, Sibai and Zusanli groups was 480.62 +/- 151.69 ng/g, 388.53 +/- 155.04 ng/g, 365.76 +/- 143.93 ng/g vs 532.86 +/- 122.58 ng/g, P < 0.05, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Electro-acupuncture at acupoints of Foot-Yangming Meridian could enhance the gastric motility, improve GMBF, and regulate the content of motilin and somatostatin in sinus ventriculi and bulbus. The effects of acupuncture on GMBF and gastric motility may be related to the content of brain-gut peptide.

PMID:

17465507

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Free full text

 

 

Effect of pre-moxibustion on apoptosis and proliferation of gastric mucosa cells.

Yi SX, Peng Y, Chang XR, Peng N, Yan J, Lin YP.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17465496

 

Source

Institute of Acupuncture and Massage, Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 113 Shaoshan Middle Road, Changsha 410007, Hunan Province, China. yishouxiang@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

AIM:

To observe the effects of pre-moxibustion on apoptosis and proliferation of gastric mucosal cell in rats with stress-induced ulcer, and to analyze the relationship between those effects and the expression of heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70).

METHODS:

Sixty healthy Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned into four groups, namely group A, B, C and D. The animal model of stress ulcer was established by water immersion and restraint stress. The rats in group A, B, and D served as the restraint, model, and non-acupoint controls, respectively, while those in group C received moxibustion at Zusanli and Liangmen points. Immunohistochemical methodology was used to detect the expression of HSP70, apoptosis index (AI, multiply 10(-6)/microm(2)) and proliferation index (PCNA-LI, multiply 10(-6)/microm(2)). The mucosal expression of transforming growth factor alpha(TGF-alpha) was detected by radioimmunoassay.

RESULTS:

Moxibustion at Zusanli and Liangmen points significantly decreased the gastric injury and the apoptosis of gastric mucosal cells, while markedly increased the mucosal expression of TGF-alpha and HSP70 as well as the proliferation of gastric mucosal cells. Compared with group A, ulcer index (UI) (26.8 +/- 9.8 vs 12.0 +/- 5.9, P < 0.01), AI (9.6 +/- 4.2 vs 4.4 +/- 2.6, P < 0.05) and expression of HSP70 (9.6 +/- 4.2 vs 4.4 +/- 2.6, P < 0.05) were significantly increased, but the content of TGF-alpha (104.7 +/- 51.2 pg/mL vs 254.0 +/- 86.9 pg/mL, P < 0.01) and PCNA-LI (6.9 +/- 4.7 vs 14.9 +/- 4.6, P < 0.05) were significantly decreased in group B. However, ulcer index values (UI) and AI were obviously lower in group C compared to groups B and D (14.1 +/- 5.4 vs 26.8 +/- 9.8 and 26.2 +/- 7.7, P < 0.01; 3.0 +/- 1.6 vs 9.6 +/- 4.2 and 8.2 +/- 5.2, P < 0.05, respectively), but content of TGF-alpha (237.0 +/- 72.6 pg/mL vs 104.7 +/- 51.2 pg/mL and 154.1 +/- 61.3 pg/mL, P < 0.01) and expression of HSP70 (0.13 +/- 0.03 vs 0.08 +/- 0.06 and 0.06 +/- 0.04, P < 0.05) were higher in group C. Furthermore, the PCNA-LI was significantly higher in group C than in group B (21.6 +/- 4.1 vs 6.9 +/- 4.7, P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Moxibustion at Zusanli and Liangmen points has a protective effect on rats gastric mucosa in stress-induced gastric ulcer, which is closely related to its actions in promoting synthesis of TGF-alpha and proliferation of gastric mucosal cells, suppressing gastric mucosal cell apoptosis, and up-regulating HSP70 expression.

PMID:

17465496

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Free full text

 

 

[Clinical study on "Jin's three-needling" in treatment of generalized anxiety disorder].

[Article in Chinese]

Luo WZ, Liu HJ, Mei SY.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17432675

 

Source

College of Acupuncture and Massage, Guangzhou University of TCM, Guangzhou.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the clinical effect of "Jin's three-needling" in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder.

METHODS:

Fifty-eight patients with generalized anxiety were randomly assigned to two groups equally, the medication group treated with anti-anxiety drugs and the acupuncture group with "Jin's three-needling". The treatment course was 6 weeks. The clinical effects were evaluated with Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA), clinical global impression (CGI), and treatment emergent symptom scale (TESS) before treatment and at the end of 2nd, 4th, 6th week of the treatment course. The concentration of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in platelet, and plasma levels of corticosterone (CS) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) were measured with high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-ED) method before and after treatment.

RESULTS:

The clinical effects in the two groups were equivalent, while the adverse reaction found in the acupuncture group was less than that in the medication group (P < 0.05). The platelet concentration of 5-HT and plasma ACTH level decreased significantly in both groups after treatment with insignificant difference between the group (P < 0.05). The plasma CS level had no obvious change in the two groups after treatment as compared with that before treatment respectively.

CONCLUSION:

"Jin's three-needling" shows similar curative effect on generalized anxiety to routine Western medicine but with less adverse reaction, which may be realized through regulating the platelet 5-HT concentration and plasma ACTH level.

PMID:

17432675

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

[Effects of acupuncture at the points of the Pericardium Meridian on the activity of myocardial Ca2+-ATPase and gene expression in the rat of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury].

[Article in Chinese]

Tian YF, Wang R, Li LY, Wang J, Jin CN, Hao CY.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17432649

 

Source

Department of Acupuncture & Massage, Shanxi College of TCM, Taiyuan, China. tyfsx@sohu.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the mechanism of acupuncture at "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Ximen" (PC 4) of the Pericardium Meridian in treatment of myocardial ischemia.

METHODS:

Rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, sham-operation group, ischemia-reperfusion model group, Neiguan acupuncture group, Ximen acupuncture group and Zhigou acupuncture group. Electroacupuncture (EA) was given at corresponding acupoints for 20 min in the later 3 groups, followed by ligation of the left anterior descending branch of the coronary artery and 40 min later, acupuncture was given at the points for another 20 min, reperfusion for 60 min, with ECG monitoring. Then the myocardial tissue sample (below the ligation site) of the left cardiac ventricle was taken for preparation of sarcoplasmic reticulum, and determination of Ca2+-ATPase activity according to quantitative analysis of phosphorum. The relative mRNA levels were determined by Northerm Bolt analysis.

RESULTS:

In the acupuncture groups, both the activities of Ca2+-ATPase and the gene expressions increased significantly as compared with the model group (all P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

The points of the Pericardium Meridian can obviously improve the Ca2+-ATPase activity and the gene expressions, reduce the degree of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury, and strength myocardial functions.

PMID:

17432649

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Clinical observation on deeply needling Ciliao (BL 32) for treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc].

[Article in Chinese]

Xue PW.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17432643

 

Source

Section of Rehabilitation, People's Hospital of Wufeng Tujia Autonomous County, Hubei, China. wfhmj@sina.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore specificity of acupoints for treatment of prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc.

METHODS:

One hundred and eighty cases were randomly divided into a treatment group (n = 120) and a control group (n = 60). The two groups were treated with acupuncture, traction and massage therapy. For the treatment group, routine acupoints were selected and deeply needling Ciliao (BL 32) were added. For the control group, only routine acupoints were needled. And other treatments were same in both the two groups.

RESULTS:

The total effective rate was 97.5% in the treatment group and 88.3% in the control group, with a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05); after following survey of a half year, the recurrence rate was 8.6% in the treatment group and 20.8% in the control group, with a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The clinical effect of deeply needling Ciliao (BL 32) as main therapy is significantly better than that of the routine selection of acupoints, with a lower recurrence rate.

PMID:

17432643

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Observation on clinical therapeutic effect of Yang's cotton moxibustion on neurodermatitis].

[Article in Chinese]

Diao CY, Yang YK, Lu YH, Wang Z, Yan XR, Wang Y.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17432641

 

Source

College of Acupuncture & Massage, Chengdu University of TCM, Sichuan, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the difference of the therapeutic effects between Yang's cotton moxibustion and hormonotherapy on neurodermatitis.

METHODS:

Sixty cases of neurodermatitis were divided into a treatment group and a control group according to random number table. The treatment group were treated with Yang's cotton moxibustion and the control group with triamcinolone and urea cream. After treatment for one week, the therapeutic effect was start to be observed. After the treatment was given for 4 weeks, the therapeutic effect was evaluated.

RESULTS:

The total effective rate was 93.3% in the treatment group and 80.0% in the control group, with a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Yang's cotton moxibustion has an obvious therapeutic effect on neurodermatitis with a good safety.

PMID:

17432641

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Influence of needling the foot-yangming points on intracellular Ca2+ concentration in smooth muscles of the gastric antrum in rabbits.

Deng Y, Yi S, Lin Y, Yan J, Guo H, Xiang Z, Wu F, Liu W.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17393632

 

Source

Teaching and Research Section for Experimental Acupuncture, Department of Acupuncture and Massage, Hunan TCM College, Changsha 410007, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the influence of acupuncture at the points of Foot-Yangming Meridian on intracellular concentration of Ca2, called the 2nd messenger of gastric smooth muscles.

METHODS:

45 rabbits were randomly divided into the following 5 groups: a normal saline group, a model group treated with atropine, an acupuncture group treated by needling the points of Foot-Yangming Meridian, an acupuncture group treated by needling the points of Foot-Shaoyang Meridian, an acupuncture group treated by needling the points of Foot-Taiyang Meridian, i.e. 9 rabbits in each group. After treatment, the smooth muscles of the gastric antrum were taken to make the suspension containing alive single muscular cells, and the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) was determined by a spectrofluorometer.

RESULTS:

The concentration of [Ca2+]i in the group of Foot-Yangming Meridian was obviously higher than that of the atropine group (P<0.01), but with no significant differences found among all the other groups (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The influence of acupuncture at the points of Foot-Yangming Meridian on gastric movement is related to the release of intracellular Ca2+ in the gastric smooth muscles.

PMID:

17393632

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Comparative study on different point combinations of Zusanli (ST 36) for improving acute gastric mucosa injury].

[Article in Chinese]

Peng CX, Wang L, Zhou GP, Deng CQ.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17378203

 

Source

Hunan University of TCM, School of Acupuncture and Massage, Changsha 410007, China. pengchuxiang@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare effects of different point combinations of Zusanli (ST 36) for improving acute gastric mucosa injury and study on the mechanism.

METHODS:

One hundred rats were randomly divided into 10 groups, Zusanli (ST 36) group (group A); Zusanli and Neiguan (PC 6) group (group B); Zusanli and Zhongwan (CV 12) group (group C); Zusanli and Gongsun (SP 4) group (group D); Zusanli, Neiguan and Zhongwan group (group E); Zusanli, Neiguan and Gongsun group (group F); Zusanli, Zhongwan and Gongsun group (group G); Zusanli and Neiguan, Zhongwan, Gongsun group (group H); model group (group I); blank control group (group J), 10 rats in each group. Gastric mucosa injury model was made by intragastric infusion of dehydrated alcohol (0. 6 mL/100 g). The gastric mucosa injury index (UI), epidermal growth factor (EGF), nitric oxide (NO) and gastrin (GAS) contents were detected.

RESULTS:

Contents of EGF and NO were significantly increased and GAS content decreased in all of the EA groups as compared with those in the model group (P<0. 01 or P<0. 05), with no significant differences among group A, B and D, and significant differences as group A compared with group C, F and group H compared with other EA groups.

CONCLUSION:

Different point combinations of Zusanli (ST 36) can improve acute gastric mucosa injury, with the strongest effect in the Zusanli and Neiguan, Zhongwan, Gongsun group.

PMID:

17378203

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

 

 

[Preliminary summarization of a new method, extrinsic shock wave acupuncture and moxibustion].

[Article in Chinese]

Everke H.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17313015

 

Source

Ph. D Heinrich Everke Ambulatorium, Germany. Dr.H.Everke@t-online.de

Abstract

In medical field, extrinsic shock wave is only used to crush kidney stone to pieces. In recent years, a new instrument has been produced, which outputs a more gentle extrinsic shock wave that also can be used for treatment of pain excitation region in the muscular system. This shock wave is called rectilinear ballistic extrinsic shock wave. In 2002, the author designed an instrument, which could generate the rectilinear ballistic extrinsic shock wave and was used at acupoints. The author used the instrument for treatment of over 500 patients and proved that the method had a better effect than that of simple acupuncture and moxibustion for many kinds of diseases. Extrinsic shock wave acupuncture and moxibustion is another method for stimulating acupoints, besides acupuncture, moxihustion, massage of acupoints, electroacupuncture and laser acupuncture.

PMID:

17313015

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Massage relieves nausea in women with breast cancer who are undergoing chemotherapy.

Billhult A, Bergbom I, Stener-Victorin E.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17309378

 

Source

Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology/Physiotherapy, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden. annika.billhult@vgregion.se

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of massage on nausea, anxiety, and depression in patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy.

DESIGN:

This work was a single-center, prospective, randomized, controlled trial.

SETTINGS/LOCATION:

This study was conducted in an oncology clinic, in a hospital in southwestern Sweden.

SUBJECTS:

Thirty-nine (39) women (mean age = 51.8) with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy were enrolled.

INTERVENTIONS:

The patients were randomly assigned to a massage therapy group (20 minutes of massage on five occasions) or a control group (five 20-minute visits).

OUTCOME MEASURES:

All patients recorded nausea and anxiety on the Visual Analogue Scale before and after each intervention. They also completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.

RESULTS:

Massage treatment significantly reduced nausea compared with control treatment (p = 0.025) when improvement was measured as a percentage of the five treatment periods. Differences in anxiety and depression between the two treatment regimes could not be statistically demonstrated.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study complements previous studies on the effect of massage and supports the conclusion that massage reduces nausea in these patients.

PMID:

17309378

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Fu's subcutaneous needling: possible clinical evidence of the subcutaneous connective tissue in acupuncture.

Fu ZH, Wang JH, Sun JH, Chen XY, Xu JG.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17309377

 

Source

Department of Anesthesiology, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Recently it was reported that the loose connective tissue in the subcutaneous layer rapidly responded to mechanical forces evoked by acupuncture, massage, and normal physical movements. However, there were no clinical studies to substantiate these findings so far. Fu's Subcutaneous Needling (FSN) is the innovative needling strategy acting specifically in the subcutaneous layer. A single-blinded and randomized trial was designed to compare the immediate effects of FSN with different needling directions on myofascial trigger points (MTrP) in the neck.

DESIGN:

For simplicity, we chose two mutually perpendicular needle directions in this study. In one group, the needle was along the local muscle fibers and pointed to the MTrP (Along Group). In the other group, the needle was across the local muscle fibers and also pointed to the MTrP (Across Group).

SUBJECTS:

Forty-seven (47) patients were randomly divided into two groups: the Along Group (n = 22) and the Across Group (n = 25). There were no significant differences with respect to age, duration of pain, and gender between the two groups.

INTERVENTIONS:

FSN needles were inserted and swayed in the subcutaneous layer 200 times in 2 minutes.

RESULTS:

Before and after FSN treatment, patients were subjected to the assessment of the following three parameters: motion-related pain, pain under pressure, and the range of cervical movement. Three parameters were all reduced after the FSN intervention. There were no significant differences in variation of the three parameters between the two groups.

CONCLUSION:

Immediate effects of FSN on alleviating MTrP in the neck were not relevant to the needling directions.

PMID:

17309377

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Preliminary results related to the principle and application of drug galvano-acupuncture.

Fu C, Oakley B, Li S, Zhao W.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17281347

 

Source

Science of Medicine Research Institute, Kaifung, Henan, China 475000 (Phone: +86-0378-2911008; e-mail: fuchenkf@126.com).

Abstract

Drug galvano-acupuncture is a new medical therapy that has been developed and refined over thirty-one years of research and clinical practice. It uses a combination of modern technology, traditional acupuncture, herbal medicine, and massage therapy techniques. The therapy works by inducing an electric field at the surface of the skin that allows various medications to penetrate the skin's surface. The interacting combination of medication, along with electrical and mechanical stimulation, appears to quickly produce healing effects with no side effects. This method has been broadly used with what appear to be positive effects on a number of different conditions, including neuralgia, asthma, and stroke.

PMID:

17281347

[PubMed - in process]

 

 

Acupuncture for neck disorders.

Trinh K, Graham N, Gross A, Goldsmith C, Wang E, Cameron I, Kay T.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17224820

 

Source

DeGroote School of Medicine, Office of MD Admissions, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. trinhk@mcmaster.ca

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN:

Systematic review.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effects of acupuncture for individuals with neck pain.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:

Neck pain is one of the 3 most frequently reported complaints of the musculoskeletal system. Treatments for neck pain are varied, as are the perceptions of benefits. METHODS.: We searched CENTRAL (2006, issue 1) and MEDLINE, EMBASE, MANTIS, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature from their beginning to February 2006. We searched reference lists and the acupuncture database TCMLARS in China. Any published trials using randomized (RCT) or quasi-randomized (quasi-RCT) assignment to the intervention groups, either in full text or abstract form, were included.

RESULTS:

We found 10 trials that examined acupuncture treatments for chronic neck pain. Overall, methodologic quality had a mean of 2.3 of 5 on the Jadad scale. For chronic mechanical neck disorders, there was moderate evidence that acupuncture was more effective for pain relief than some types of sham controls, measured immediately posttreatment. There was moderate evidence that acupuncture was more effective than inactive, sham treatments measured immediately posttreatment, and at short-term follow-up (pooled standardized mean difference, -0.37; 95% confidence interval, -0.61 to -0.12). There was limited evidence that acupuncture was more effective than massage at short-term follow-up. For chronic neck disorders with radicular symptoms, there was moderate evidence that acupuncture was more effective than a wait-list control at short-term follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is moderate evidence that acupuncture relieves pain better than some sham treatments, measured at the end of the treatment. There is moderate evidence that those who received acupuncture reported less pain at short-term follow-up than those on a waiting list. There is also moderate evidence that acupuncture is more effective than inactive treatments for relieving pain posttreatment, and this is maintained at short-term follow-up.

PMID:

17224820

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Pharmaceutical and therapeutic potentials of essential oils and their individual volatile constituents: a review.

Edris AE.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17199238

 

Source

Aroma and Flavor Chemistry Department, National Research Center, Dokki, El Behose Street, Dokki, 12622, Cairo, Egypt. amr_edris@hotmail.com

Abstract

Essential oils and their volatile constituents are used widely to prevent and treat human disease. The possible role and mode of action of these natural products is discussed with regard to the prevention and treatment of cancer, cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis and thrombosis, as well as their bioactivity as antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidants and antidiabetic agents. Their application as natural skin penetration enhancers for transdermal drug delivery and the therapeutic properties of essential oils in aroma and massage therapy will also be outlined.

PMID:

17199238

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

[Discussion of some problems in the new centurial planning material the therapeutics of acupuncture and moxibustion].

[Article in Chinese]

Yang YK, Hu YP, Wang Y.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17165509

 

Source

College of Acupuncture & Massage, Chengdu University of TCM, Sichuan 610075, China.

Abstract

Some problems were found for argument in the teaching of The Therapeutics of Acupuncture & Moxibustion, the new centurial national advanced Chinese medical school's planning material, including errors in compiling, some concepts lacking definition, and some acupuncture treatment methods in the material deviating off clinical practice, etc.. Study on these problems so as to make the teaching material more perfect, more scientific, accurate and authoritative.

PMID:

17165509

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Acupuncture and reflexology for insomnia: a feasibility study.

Hughes CM, McCullough CA, Bradbury I, Boyde C, Hume D, Yuan J, Quinn F, McDonough SM.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19942722

 

Source

School of Health Sciences, University of Ulster, Ulster BT37 0QB, UK. cm.hughes@ulster.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the feasibility of patient recruitment and retention, logistics of intervention and outcome measure sensitivity for a study designed to investigate the use of acupuncture and reflexology for the management of insomnia.

DESIGN:

Feasibility study for a randomised controlled trial.

SETTING:

University of Ulster Clinic.

PATIENTS:

Thirteen participants with sleep disturbances.

INTERVENTIONS:

Participants were randomised to receive one of three treatments, either: acupuncture (n = 5), reflexology (n = 4) or music therapy (n = 4). These treatments were administered six times over a 3-week period.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Short Form 36 version 2 (SF-36v2) were recorded at baseline, post-treatment and follow-up. Each participant also completed a Sleep Diary.

RESULTS:

Ten participants completed treatment. In the acupuncture and reflexology groups, a clinically relevant improvement in two out of three participants was observed on the PSQI following treatment. Music therapy produced no clinically important improvements. This study has demonstrated the feasibility of conducting an RCT on the effect of acupuncture and reflexology in primary insomnia using PSQI as the primary outcome measure. Modifications for a more rigorous study design have been discussed. Results from such a study would address the lack of high-quality evidence for the effectiveness of such therapies.

PMID: 19942722

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

Observation on therapeutic effect of intradermal needle combined with Tuina on lumbar disc herniation].

[Article in Chinese]

Peng KZ, Xiang KW, Cui J.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19127917

 

Source

Teaching and Research Section of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Massage, Guiyang College of TCM, Guiyang, Guizhou 550002, China. pengkezhi@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the therapeutic effect of intradermal needle therapy combined with Tuina on lumbar disc herniation.

METHODS:

One hundred and fifty patients of lumbar disc herniation were treated with intradermal needle combined with Tuina. Trundle, rub the lumbar region for relaxing the lumbar muscles; pull and extend the lumbar region with traction and vibration, and pull the loin afterward and obliquely pull the loin, followed by compulsory straight-leg raising test, stretching sciatic nerve and hamstring muscle. Finally, rubbing method was used for relaxing the muscles of the lumbar and back regions. After Tuina therapy, intradermal needle embedding at local Ashi points, and Shenshu (BL 23), Yaoyangguan (GV 3), Zhibian (BL 54), Fengshi (GB 31), Yanglingquan (GB 34). The treatment was given once other day, 5 times constituting one course. After 2 courses therapeutic effects were assessed.

RESULTS:

One hundred and two cases were cured, 22 cases were markedly effective, 18 cases improved and 8 cases were ineffective, with a total effective rate of 94.7%. The symptom cumulative scores before and after treatment were (31.73 +/- 2.67) and (9.16 +/- 1.20), respectively, significantly decreasing (P<0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Intradermal needle combined with Tuina has a better clinical therapeutic effect on lumbar disc herniation.

PMID: 19127917

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]