1. Effects of Anma therapy (traditional Japanese massage) on body and mind.

Donoyama N, Munakata T, Shibasaki M.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20006290

 

Source

Department of Health, Tsukuba University of Technology, Kasuga, Ibaraki, Japan. donoyama@k.tsukuba-tech.ac.jp

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Anma therapy is a traditional style of Japanese massage, one of touch and manual therapies, and one of the most popular CAM therapies in Japan. It was brought from China in the 6th century and, while based on the theory of Chinese medicine, it developed in Japan according to Japanese preference and has recently come to include theories of Western medicine. The purpose of this study was to clarify the physical and psychological effects of Anma therapy.

PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS:

Fifteen healthy female volunteers in their fifth decade, with chronic muscle stiffness in the neck and shoulder, received two interventions: 40-min Anma therapy and 40-min rest intervention. The design was cross-over design. Participants were randomly divided into two groups. Group A was started on Anma therapy from the first day followed by the rest intervention after a 3-day interval. The order of the Anma therapy and the rest intervention reversed for Group B. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score for muscle stiffness in the neck and shoulder, state anxiety score, and salivary cortisol concentration levels and secretory immunoglobulin A (s-IgA) were measured pre- and post-interventions.

RESULTS:

Anma therapy significantly reduced VAS scores and state anxiety scores. S-IgA concentration levels increased significantly across both groups.

CONCLUSION:

Anma therapy reduced muscle stiffness in the neck and shoulder and anxiety levels in this pilot study of 50-year-old females.

PMID: 20006290

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

2. Outcomes of a massage intervention on teen mothers: a pilot study.

Oswalt KL, Biasini FJ, Wilson LL, Mrug S.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19916344

 

Source

University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Abstract

The difficulties that adolescent mothers encounter as a result of the combined stress of adolescence, parenthood, maintaining peer relationships, and establishing positive relationships with their infants have been identified in the literature, and these characteristics are often associated with poor infant outcomes. This study was designed to examine the effects of an infant massage intervention on adolescent mothers' attitudes and perceptions of their infants. Twenty-five African-American adolescent mothers (mean age 16.13 years), who were enrolled in a parent training program for high school students in a southern state, participated in the project. The mothers were assigned randomly to an intervention (9) or control group (16). After a brief training session, participants in the intervention group practiced massage with their infants for approximately 2 months. Data analysis was based on the 15 participants who completed both baseline and 2-month follow-up measures (8 in the control group and 7 in the intervention group). This study found some support for teaching infant massage to adolescent mothers as a way of enhancing maternal-infant physical contact and lowering depression, as well as positively influencing mothers' perceptions of infant temperament. Results indicate that infant massage training may lead to improvements beyond those achieved with a typical parent education curriculum and shows potential as a low-cost supplement to current teen mother education in high schools.

PMID: 19916344

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

3. Light pressure massage for patients with severe anxiety.

Billhult A, Määttä S.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19341988

 

Source

FoU-enheten i Södra Alvsborg, Borås, Sweden. annika.billhult@vgregion.se

Abstract

Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) is common in the western world with a lifetime prevalence of 4.3 to 5.9% and is twice as common in women as in men. GAD can have a decisive impact on a patient's everyday life as it is surrounded by unfocused worries and the severe anxiety may interfere with normal social functions. The treatments include cognitive behavioural therapy and/or psychopharmacological drugs. In previous studies the positive effects of massage on anxiety have been shown. The present study described the experience of receiving massage for eight patients with GAD. Findings revealed that the patients were able to rediscover their own capacity during the massage period. This was illuminated by the experience of being relaxed in body and mind, the experience of unconditional attention, the experience of decreased anxiety and the experience of increased self-confidence. The paper ends with a discussion of clinical implications.

PMID: 19341988

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

4. A Research for evaluation on stress change via thermotherapy and massage.

Jeong I, Jun S, Park S, Jung S, Shin T, Yoon H.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19163795

 

Source

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, Wonju, Kangwon, 220-840, Korea. decem31@chol.com

Abstract

In this research, a device, which has a thermotherapic and massaging function and relaxes muscles, was used to evaluate the effect muscle relaxation has on stress relief. Therefore, the physiological changes namely Heart Rate (HR), Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Skin Temperature (SKT) of the subjects which reflect the autonomic nervous system and cardiovascular relationship were obtained and analyzed. In order to evaluate the assumption that the treatment relieves the subject's physiological and psychological stress, experiment was carried out on 25 adults (13 male and 12 female, age 52.32+/-18.121) through stages consisted of relaxation, pre-treatment, treatment and post-treatment. Treatment was provided to the back, stomach and leg area by massaging 55 degrees C heat to the back. According as the physiological changes of subjects before and after treatment were compared, the present research was able to prove that thermotherapy and massage treatment induces physiological change of patients thus relieves stress.

PMID: 19163795

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

5. The facial massage reduced anxiety and negative mood status, and increased sympathetic nervous activity.

Hatayama T, Kitamura S, Tamura C, Nagano M, Ohnuki K.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19129675

 

Source

User Science Institute, Kyushu University, Minami-ku, Fukuoka, Japan. hata@usi.kyushu -u.ac.jp

Abstract

The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of 45 min of facial massage on the activity of autonomic nervous system, anxiety and mood in 32 healthy women. Autonomic nervous activity was assessed by heart rate variability (HRV) with spectral analysis. In the spectral analysis of HRV, we evaluated the high-frequency components (HF) and the low- to high-frequency ratio (LF/HF ratio), reflecting parasympathetic nervous activity and sympathetic nervous activity, respectively. The State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Profile of Mood Status (POMS) were administered to evaluate psychological status. The score of STAI and negative scale of POMS were significantly reduced following the massage, and only the LF/HF ratio was significantly enhanced after the massage. It was concluded that the facial massage might refresh the subjects by reducing their psychological distress and activating the sympathetic nervous system.

PMID: 19129675

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

 

6. The facial massage reduced anxiety and negative mood status, and increased sympathetic nervous activity.

Hatayama T, Kitamura S, Tamura C, Nagano M, Ohnuki K.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19129675

 

Source

User Science Institute, Kyushu University, Minami-ku, Fukuoka, Japan. hata@usi.kyushu -u.ac.jp

Abstract

The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of 45 min of facial massage on the activity of autonomic nervous system, anxiety and mood in 32 healthy women. Autonomic nervous activity was assessed by heart rate variability (HRV) with spectral analysis. In the spectral analysis of HRV, we evaluated the high-frequency components (HF) and the low- to high-frequency ratio (LF/HF ratio), reflecting parasympathetic nervous activity and sympathetic nervous activity, respectively. The State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Profile of Mood Status (POMS) were administered to evaluate psychological status. The score of STAI and negative scale of POMS were significantly reduced following the massage, and only the LF/HF ratio was significantly enhanced after the massage. It was concluded that the facial massage might refresh the subjects by reducing their psychological distress and activating the sympathetic nervous system.

PMID: 19129675

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

7. The effects of employer-provided massage therapy on job satisfaction, workplace stress, and pain and discomfort.

Back C, Tam H, Lee E, Haraldsson B.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19104272

 

Source

Occupational Health and Safety Agency for Healthcare in British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. chrisb@ohsah.bc.ca

Abstract

Long-term care staff have high levels of musculoskeletal concerns. This research provided a pilot program to evaluate the efficacy of employer-funded on-site massage therapy on job satisfaction, workplace stress, pain, and discomfort. Twenty-minute massage therapy sessions were provided. Evaluation demonstrated possible improvements in job satisfaction, with initial benefits in pain severity, and the greatest benefit for individuals with preexisting symptoms. A long-term effect was not demonstrated.

PMID: 19104272

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

8. Using reflexology to manage stress in the workplace: a preliminary study.

Atkins RC, Harris P.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18940715

 

Source

Centre for Complementary Therapies, Cardiff School of Health Sciences, University of Wales Institute Cardiff, Cardiff, Wales, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Work stress is a major occupational problem in the UK. Few studies have examined the role of complementary therapies in reducing stress in the workplace. To help determine the usefulness of reflexology in managing stress a preliminary study was conducted in an occupational setting.

AIM:

To explore the use of reflexology in managing stress in the workplace.

METHOD:

In a single-subjects experimental design, four employees from a single organisation received reflexology treatments. A range of outcome measures, including the GHQ-12 and the MYMOP2, were used to monitor psychological health and well-being, symptoms and quality of life. Measures were taken at baseline, intervention and follow-up.

RESULTS:

The data suggested some trends towards improvement in perceived health and well-being following reflexology intervention. Improvements varied by participant and across the different measures.

CONCLUSION:

This study was limited by the size of the sample and the nature of the design, which cannot demonstrate cause and effect. The trends towards improvement associated with reflexology suggested that further research may be warranted.

PMID: 18940715

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

9. Massaging over the greater occipital nerve reduces the intensity of migraine attacks: evidence for inhibitory trigemino-cervical convergence mechanisms.

Piovesan EJ, Di Stani F, Kowacs PA, Mulinari RA, Radunz VH, Utiumi M, Muranka EB, Giublin ML, Werneck LC.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17876398

 

Source

Neurology Division, Internal Medicine Department, Hospital de Clínicas, Federal University of Paraná, Rua General Carneiro 181, 80060-900 Curitiba, PR, Brazil. piovesan@avalon.sul.com.br

Abstract

Activation of the trigemino-cervical system constitutes one of the first steps in the genesis of migraine. The objective of this study was to confirm the presence of trigemino-cervical convergence mechanisms and to establish whether such mechanisms may also be of inhibitory origin. We describe a case of a 39-years-old woman suffering from episodic migraine who showed a significant improvement in her frontal headache during migraine attacks if the greater occipital nerve territory was massaged after the appearance of static mechanical allodynia (cortical sensitization). We review trigemino-cervical convergence and diffuse nociceptive inhibitory control (DNIC) mechanisms and suggest that the convergence mechanisms are not only excitatory but also inhibitory.

PMID: 17876398

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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10. A randomised study of the effects of massage therapy compared to guided relaxation on well-being and stress perception among older adults.

Sharpe PA, Williams HG, Granner ML, Hussey JR.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17709060

 

Source

Prevention Research Center, Arnold School of Public Health, 921 Assembly Street, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. pasharpe@sc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective was to assess the effects of massage compared to guided relaxation on stress perception and well-being among older adults.

DESIGN:

A randomised pilot study enrolled adults ages 60 and older to receive 50 min, twice weekly massage therapy or guided relaxation sessions. Questionnaires were administered at pre-test (1 week before the first session) and post-test (after the last session).

SETTING:

Participants came to the University of South Carolina campus for sessions. Adults aged 60 and older were recruited from community venues and were briefly screened by telephone for contraindications.

INTERVENTION:

Participants (n=54) received 50 min massage or guided relaxation sessions twice weekly for 4 weeks. The massage included Swedish, neuromuscular, and myofascial techniques. For the relaxation group, an appropriately trained assistant read a script to guide the participant in using visualization and muscle relaxation.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The General Well-being Schedule is an 18-item scale with subscales measuring anxiety, depression, positive well-being, self-control, vitality, and general health. The Perceived Stress Scale is a 14-item scale assessing the degree to which situations in one's life are appraised as stressful during the past month.

RESULTS:

Significant improvements were found for the anxiety, depression, vitality, general health, and positive well-being subscales of the General Well-being Schedule and for Perceived Stress among the massage participants compared to guided relaxation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings indicate that massage therapy enhances positive well-being and reduces stress perception among community-dwelling older adults.

PMID: 17709060

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

11. Evaluation of anxiety, salivary cortisol and melatonin secretion following reflexology treatment: a pilot study in healthy individuals.

McVicar AJ, Greenwood CR, Fewell F, D'Arcy V, Chandrasekharan S, Alldridge LC.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17631256

 

Source

Institute of Health and Social Care, Anglia Ruskin University, Bishop Hall Lane, Chelmsford, Essex, UK.

Abstract

This pilot study sought to identify an appropriate methodology to investigate the impact of reflexology in healthcare settings. The study involved healthy volunteers to prevent unnecessary intervention to individuals who may already be experiencing health related trauma. Thirty participants underwent either reflexology or no treatment (control), in a cross-over experimental design. Self-reported anxiety (Spielberger STAI), cardiovascular parameters (BP and pulse rate) and salivary cortisol and melatonin concentrations were assessed before and after reflexology. Control data were obtained at the same time points in identical settings. Reflexology had a powerful anxiety-reduction effect ('state'; P<0.001) but no significant effect on underlying anxiety ('trait'). Cardiovascular parameters decreased (P<0.001). Baseline salivary cortisol and melatonin were not significantly correlated with STAI scores and did not change significantly following reflexology. Reflexology reduced 'state' anxiety and cardiovascular activity within healthy individuals, consistent with stress-reduction. Considering the connection between stress/anxiety and well being, the effects of reflexology may have beneficial outcomes for patients. These findings will be transferred to a study involving breast cancer patients where effects may be more pronounced particularly since cancer patients display disregulation of cortisol and melatonin secretion.

PMID: 17631256

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

12. Exercise proves effective in a systematic review of work-related complaints of the arm, neck, or shoulder.

Verhagen AP, Karels C, Bierma-Zeinstra SM, Feleus A, Dahaghin S, Burdorf A, Koes BW.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17208116

 

Source

Department of General Practice, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. a.verhagen@erasmusmc.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Interventions such as physiotherapy and ergonomic adjustments play a major role in the treatment of most work-related complaints of the arm, neck, and/or shoulder (CANS). We evaluated whether conservative interventions have a significant impact on outcomes for work-related CANS.

STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING:

A systematic review was conducted. Only (randomized) trials studying interventions for patients suffering from work-related CANS were included. Interventions may include exercises, relaxation, physical applications, and workplace adjustments. Two authors independently selected the trials, assessed methodological quality, and extracted data.

RESULTS:

We included 26 studies (in total 2,376 patients); 23 studies included patients with chronic nonspecific complaints. Over 30 interventions were evaluated and 7 main subgroups of interventions could be determined, of which the subgroup "exercises" was the largest one. Overall, the quality of the studies appeared to be poor.

CONCLUSION:

There is limited evidence for the effectiveness of exercises when compared to massage, adding breaks during computer work, massage as add-on treatment to manual therapy, manual therapy as add-on treatment to exercises, and some keyboards in people with carpal tunnel syndrome when compared to other keyboards or placebo. For other interventions no clear effectiveness could be demonstrated.

PMID: 17208116

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

13. The effectiveness of a 15 minute weekly massage in reducing physical and psychological stress in nurses.

Bost N, Wallis M.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16800217

 

Source

Griffith University Research Centre for Clinical Practice Innovation, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effectiveness of massage therapy in reducing physiological and psychological indicators of stress in nurses employed in an acute care hospital.

DESIGN:

Randomised controlled trial.

SETTING:

Acute care hospital in Queensland.

SUBJECTS:

Sixty nurses were recruited to the five week study and randomly assigned to two groups.

INTERVENTION:

A 15 minute back massage once a week. The control group did not receive any therapy.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Demographic information, a life events questionnaire and a brief medical history of all participants was completed at enrolment. Physiological stress was measured at weeks one, three and five by urinary cortisol and blood pressure readings. Psychological stress levels were measured at weeks one and five with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI).

RESULTS:

Differences in the change in urinary cortisol and blood pressure between the two groups did not reach statistical significance. However, STAI scores decreased over the five weeks for those participants who received a weekly massage. The STAI scores of the control group increased over the five week period. These differences between the groups were statistically significant.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this study suggest that massage therapy is a beneficial tool for the health of nurses as it may reduce psychological stress levels. It is recommended that further large studies be conducted to measure the symptoms of stress rather than the physiological signs of stress in nurses.

PMID: 16800217

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

14. The effects of foot and facial massage on sleep induction, blood pressure, pulse and respiratory rate: crossover pilot study.

Ejindu A.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17950182

 

Source

London South Bank University, Faculty of Health and Social Care, LSBU at Havering Campus, Gubbins Lane, Harold Wood, Romford, RM3 0BE, UK. ejinduam@lsbu.ac.uk

Abstract

The study aimed to compare the effects of facial massage with that of foot massage on sleep induction and vital signs of healthy adults and to test a methodology that could be used by a lone researcher in such a study. A randomised within-group crossover pilot study of six healthy female volunteers was conducted. The interventions were a 20min foot and a 20min facial massage using peach-kernel base oil Prunus persica. A drop in systolic blood pressure of 8.5mmHg was recorded immediately after facial massage compared to that of 1mmHg recorded after foot massage. Both treatments were equally effective in reducing subjective levels of alertness during the interventions, with face massage marginally better at producing subjective sleepiness. A lone researcher using these methods would be able objectively to measure vital signs before and after interventions, but not during; and would be able subjectively to measure sleep induction in non-sleep-laboratory contexts.

PMID: 17950182

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

15. Effect of self-foot reflexology massage on depression, stress responses and immune functions of middle aged women.

[Article in Korean]

Lee YM.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16520577

 

Source

Department of Nursing, Inje University, Busan, Korea. lym312@inje.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study was aimed to identify the effects of a self-foot reflexology massage on depression, stress responses and functions of the immune system of middle-aged women.

METHOD:

This study was a one group pretest-posttest experimental design and the data was collected from August 1st, 2004 to May 31st, 2005. The subjects consisted of 46 middle-aged women (40 - 64 years) who were recruited from the Community Health Center in Busan city. Subjects were not treated for 4 weeks, subsequently they were trained in self foot reflexology massage for 2 weeks, and then they did their own daily for 6 weeks (2 days at the research center, 5 days at home). The outcome variables were measured 4 times, at baseline, pre training, after training, and after the intervention. The collected data was analyzed using repeated measure ANOVA by the SPSS/WIN program.

RESULT:

There was a statistically significant difference in depression, perceived stress, systolic blood pressure, natural-killer cells and Ig G. However, there was not a statistically significant difference in diastolic blood pressure, pulse or serum cortisol.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that a self-foot reflexology massage could be utilized as an effective nursing intervention to reduce depression and stress responses, and to strengthen immune systems in middle-aged women.

PMID: 16520577

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

16. The effects of foot reflexion massage on sleep disturbance, depression disorder, and the physiological index of the elderly.

[Article in Korean]

Song RH, Kim DH.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16520560

 

Source

Department of Nursing, Daejeon Health Science College, Korea. rhsong@hit.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study was to examine the effects of foot reflexion massage on sleep disturbance, depression disorder, and the physiological index of the elderly in nursing homes.

METHOD:

The research design was a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study. The subjects in this study were 50 elderly people who resided in two different nursing homes in the same region. An experimental group and a control group were organized with 25 subjects respectively, and foot reflexion massage was provided for 12 sessions, 30 minutes per session. The selected dependent variables were sleep disturbance, depression disorder, and physiological indices(blood plasma serotonin, serum cortisol), which were all measured before and after foot reflexion massage was offered. Data analysis included chi2-test, t-test, paired t-test, and ANCOVA, using the SPSS program package.

RESULT:

1. The experimental group improved sleep quality more than the control group. 2. The experimental group had less depression disorder than the control group. 3. The experimental group had higher serotonin levels than the control group.

CONCLUSION:

It's necessary to give foot reflexion massage as a successful nursing intervention to elderly who undergo a change in sleep, and suffer from a depression disorder due to a deterioration in sleep.

PMID: 16520560

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

17. The effect of therapeutic back massage in hypertensive persons: a preliminary study.

Olney CM.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16267371

 

Source

University of South Florida, College of Nursing, Tampa, FL 33612-4766, USA. colney@hsc.usf.edu

Abstract

Hypertension, one of the most pervasive disease processes in the United States, can lead to target organ damage. Although there is no one cause of primary hypertension, the theory of an unchecked long-term stress response continues to be a valid argument. Conversely, eliciting the relaxation response may alter the course of the unchecked stress response. Massage therapists have suggested that their therapy elicits the relaxation response and therefore can decrease blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. This preliminary study tested the effects of a regularly applied back massage on the BP of patients with clinically diagnosed hypertension. In this experimental, pretest-posttest study, a 10-min back massage was given to the experimental group (n = 8), three times a week for 10 sessions. The control group (n = 6) relaxed in the same environment for 10 min, three times a week for 10 sessions. Analysis of variance determined systolic BP changed significantly, F(1, 12) = 17.90, p = .001, between groups over time as did the diastolic BP, F(1, 12) = 8.34, p = .014. Effect size was 2.25 for systolic pressure and 1.56 for diastolic pressure (alpha of .05 and power at .80). This preliminary study suggests that regular massage may lower BP in hypertensive persons.

PMID: 16267371

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

18. Interventional study on fatigue relief in mothers caring for hospitalized children--effect of massage incorporating techniques from oriental medicine.

Iwasaki M.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16119609

 

Source

Department of Health Sciences, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume 830-0011, Japan. tear@snow.dti2.ne.jp

Abstract

The study objective was to clarify the effect of massage on mothers caring for their hospitalized children. We conducted a comparative analysis of whether palm and shoulder massage could mitigate the physical and mental exhaustion experienced by such mothers. Subjects were 68 mothers whose children were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, Kurume University Hospital with illnesses of varying severity. Twenty mothers living in Kurume City with healthy children were used as controls. A Japanese version of the Profile of Mood States (POMS) was employed as a mental index. Deep body temperature (frontal and palmar), systolic/diastolic blood pressure and heart rate were measured as physical indices before and after massage. The POMS scores for "Tension-Anxiety (T-A)", "Depression-Dejection (D)", "Anger-Hostility (A-H)", "Fatigue (F)" and "Confusion (C)" were significantly higher, and for "Vigor (V)" were significantly lower in mothers with hospitalized children than in the control group. Systolic blood pressures were also lower than those in the control group. After massage, T-A, D, A-H, F and C scores in the mothers with hospitalized children decreased and their V scores increased significantly. However, improvement in overall POMS scores was less than in the control group. And also improvement in each of the POMS scales was less than in the control group. Moreover, T-A scores in mothers of children with cancer were significantly higher than those in mothers of children suffering from other types of diseases. Our study demonstrated that mothers with hospitalized children were much more stressed than those with healthy children. The difference in the child's illness tended to exacerbate the degree of the mothers' mental fatigue. Massage has a favorable effect on stressed mothers and may be expected to serve as a useful supporting tool.

PMID: 16119609

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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19. The psychological well-being and self-efficacy of carers of children with disabilities following attendance on a simple massage training and support programme: a 12-month comparison study of adherers and non-adherers.

Williams HL, Cullen LA, Barlow JH.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16036168

 

Source

Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Health, School of Health and Social Sciences, Coventry University, Whitefriars 104, Priory Street, Coventry, UK. hannah.williams@coventry.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The Training and Support Programme (TSP) is an 8-week programme in which carers of children with disabilities receive instruction in simple massage techniques to use with their child. The aims of the present study were firstly to compare, adherers and non-adherers on measures of psychological well-being and self-efficacy and secondly, to examine whether, for adherers, the positive benefits of attending the TSP reported immediately after the Programme were maintained at 12-month follow-up.

DESIGN:

Eighty-two carers took part in the study. Data were collected 12-months after completion of the TSP by self-report questionnaires mailed to carers. For comparisons between adherers and non-adherers at 12-month follow-up a between-groups design was used. For comparisons over time, a within-subjects design was used.

RESULTS:

Adherers had significantly higher levels of self-efficacy for managing their child's psychosocial well-being, self-efficacy for carrying out the massage, and significantly better psychological well-being at follow-up compared to non-adherers. Furthermore, there were no significant differences over time on self-efficacy for managing their child's psychosocial well-being, self-efficacy for giving massage and levels of anxiety and depression at 12-month follow-up for adherers, suggesting that their improvements noted immediately post-programme were maintained at follow-up. Significant decreases on self-efficacy and depression were noted for non-adherers and there was a trend towards deterioration in anxious mood.

CONCLUSION:

In conclusion, the present study suggests that the positive benefits the TSP has for carers of children with disabilities can be maintained if carers continue to practise the massage at home with their child.

PMID: 16036168

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

20. The effects of slow-stroke back massage on anxiety and shoulder pain in elderly stroke patients.

Mok E, Woo CP.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15519938

 

Source

Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong. hsemok@inet.polyu.edu.hk

Abstract

This study explores the effect of slow-stroke back massages on anxiety and shoulder pain in hospitalized elderly patients with stroke. An experimental quantitative design was conducted, comparing the scores for self-reported pain, anxiety, blood pressure, heart rate and pain of two groups of patients before and immediately after, and three days after the intervention. The intervention consisted of ten minutes of slow-stroke back massage (SSBM) for seven consecutive evenings. One hundred and two patients participated in the entire study and were randomly assigned to a massage group or a control group. The results revealed that the massage intervention significantly reduced the patients' levels of pain perception and anxiety. In addition to the subjective measures, all physiological measures (systolic and diastolic blood pressures and heart rate) changed positively, indicating relaxation. The prolonged effect of SSBM was also evident, as reflected by the maintenance of the psycho-physiological parameters three days after the massage. The patients' perceptions of SSBM, determined from a questionnaire, revealed positive support for SSBM for elderly stroke patients. The authors suggest that SSBM is an effective nursing intervention for reducing shoulder pain and anxiety in elderly patients with stroke. From a nursing perspective, this nursing practice provides a challenge and an opportunity for nurses and family caregivers to blend alternative therapies with technology to provide more individualized and holistic patient care.

PMID: 15519938

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

21. Effects of foot reflexology on essential hypertension patients].

[Article in Korean]

Park HS, Cho GY.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15502439

 

Source

Department ot Nursing, Pusan National University, Psan 602-739, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study was to evaluate the effects of foot reflexology on blood pressure, serum lipids level and life satisfaction in essential hypertension patients.

METHOD:

The research design used was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Foot Reflexology was used as the experimental treatment from June 23rd, 2003 until August 31st, 2003. Thirty-four subjects were assigned to an experimental group(18) and control group(16). Foot Reflexology was administered twice a week for 6 weeks and self foot Reflexology was administered twice a week for 4 weeks on the experimental group.

RESULT:

There was a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure but no significant decrease in diastolic pressure in the experimental group compared to the control group. The total cholesterol level in the experimental group compared to the control group was not significantly decreased after foot reflexology. However, the triglyceride level in the experimental group compared to the control group was significantly decreased after foot reflexology. On the other hand, high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein levels in the experimental group compared to the control group was not significantly decreased after foot reflexology. Life satisfaction in the experimental group compared to the control group was significantly improved after foot reflexology.

CONCLUSION:

The results proved that foot reflexology was an effective nursing intervention to decrease systolic pressure, and triglyceride but not for the blood cholesterol and to improve life satisfaction. Therefore, blood cholesterol should be further evaluated in a larger group of subjects and for a longer period. Further research is regarded as necessary to evaluate and to compare effects of self-foot reflexology and foot reflexology.

PMID: 15502439

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

22. The effects of therapeutic back massage on psychophysiologic variables and immune function in spouses of patients with cancer.

Goodfellow LM.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14501546

 

Source

Duquesne University School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15282, USA. goodfellow@duq.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Spouses of patients with cancer are at risk for stress-related disorders and may experience a reduction in immune function. Therapeutic back massage (TBM) has been shown to enhance relaxation and thus, may reduce stress associated with caring for an ill partner.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine if TBM's influences on psychosocial, physiologic, and immune function variables in spouses of patients with cancer, and explore the relationships between psychosocial variables and immune function in spouses of patients with cancer.

METHODS:

This group experimental design measured the effects of a 20-minute TBM at three time points (preintervention, immediately postintervention, 20 minutes postintervention) on spouses of patients with cancer (N= 42) randomly assigned to either the experimental or control group. The major dependent variables including natural killer cell activity (NKCA), heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, mood, and perceived stress were measured at the three time points to examine the effects of TBM. Data collected on measures of mood and perceived stress were correlated with NKCA to examine their relationships. Prior to hypotheses testing, data collected on measures of depressive mood, loneliness, marital disruption, and health practices were also correlated with NKCA to ascertain any possible confounding variables.

RESULTS:

Two-way repeated measures analysis of variance tests determined the effects of TBM over the two postintervention time points and resulted in significant group x time interactions on mood (F [2, 40]= 14.61, p=.0005) and perceived stress (F [2, 40]= 28.66, p=.001). Significant inverse relationships were found between mood and NKCA (r= -.41, p=.009, N= 42) and perceived stress and NKCA (r= -.37, p=.017, N= 42).

DISCUSSION:

Findings suggest that TBM may enhance mood and reduce perceived stress in this population. Insight was gained into the psycho-immunologic relationships studied.

PMID: 14501546

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

23. The healing potential of back massage.

Gauthier DM.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12904452

 

Source

University of Texas Medical Branch, School of Nursing, Galveston, TX 77555, USA. dogauthi@utmb.edu

Abstract

The experience of illness and/or hospitalization often elicits a stress response which may manifest as sleep disturbances, increased heart rate, increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure, anxiety and general discomfort. The diagnosis and treatment of a person's response to illness or other event is a key tenet of nursing. The well-established nursing intervention, back rub or back massage, has been utilized as a time-honored comfort measure. This researchreview summarizes the studies that have evaluated the effect of massage on psychophysiologic outcome measures. Research demonstrates that back massage has the ability to elicit a relaxation response in the majority of study subjects.

PMID: 12870093

[PubMed]

 

24. A review on the effects of aromatherapy for patients with depressive symptoms.

Yim VW, Ng AK, Tsang HW, Leung AY.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19216657

 

Source

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We reviewed studies from 2000 to 2008 on using essential oils for patients with depression or depressive symptoms and examined their clinical effects.

METHODS:

The review was conducted among five electronic databases to identify all peer-reviewed journal papers that tested the effects of aromatherapy in the form of therapeutic massage for patients with depressive symptoms.

RESULTS:

The results were based on six studies examining the effects of aromatherapy on depressive symptoms in patients with depression and cancer. Some studies showed positive effects of this intervention among these three groups of patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

We recommend that aromatherapy could continue to be used as a complementary and alternative therapy for patients with depression and secondary depressive symptoms arising from various types of chronic medical conditions. More controlled studies with sound methodology should be conducted in the future to ascertain its clinical effects and the underlying psychobiologic mechanisms.

PMID: 19216657

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]